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Political-Economic Instability in Latin America and Its Impact on Gender Inequality in Science

By
Carolina Pradier ,
Carolina Pradier

Ecole de Bibliothéconomie et des Sciences de L’information, Université de Montréal

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Diego Kozlowski ,
Diego Kozlowski

Ecole de Bibliothéconomie et des Sciences de L’information, Université de Montréal. Montréal, Canada

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Natsumi S. Shokida ,
Natsumi S. Shokida

Ecole de Bibliothéconomie et des Sciences de L’information, Université de Montréal. Montréal, Canada

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Vincent Larivière ,
Vincent Larivière

Ecole de Bibliothéconomie et des Sciences de L’information, Université de Montréal. Montréal, Canada

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Abstract

Scientific development in Latin America is heavily influenced by the region's political and economic instability. Throughout the 20th century, a regional knowledge dissemination circuit emerged alongside the global academic circuit. The existence of a regional academic circuit entails several advantages, such as allowing research projects to address regionally relevant topics. However, academic capital accumulated in the global circuit transfers more readily to the regional circuit than its inverse; in this regard, integration into each of these circuits has significant consequences on scientists' careers.

 

Using bibliometric data from the Dimensions database, this article examines the relationship between gender inequalities in the scientific field and the integration of Latin American scientists into regional and global academic circuits from 1993 to 2022. Our results show phases of both expansion and contraction in the regional knowledge circuit during this period. Despite a general increase in women's participation in the scientific field throughout this period, gender disparities persist: while women tend to be more engaged in the regional circuit, men are mainly involved in the global circuit.

How to Cite

1.
Pradier C, Kozlowski D, Shokida NS, Larivière V. Political-Economic Instability in Latin America and Its Impact on Gender Inequality in Science. SCT Proceedings in Interdisciplinary Insights and Innovations [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];2:249. Available from: https://proceedings.saludcyt.ar/index.php/piii/article/view/249

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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