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Vol. 2 (2024)

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Authors in this issue:

Fabiola Trujillo Piedrahita Mayerly Zuleima Sanchez Sarria Dustin Tahisin Gómez Rodríguez Gisela Díaz Abanto Beatriz Carire Soras Salomón Axel Vásquez Campos Rafael Romero-Carazas Doraimys Valido Valdes Iris María Hernández Villar Yoannia Caridad Fernandez Rojas Yanely Sánchez Rodríguez Emma Gallardo Romero Guillermo Luis Herrera Miranda Guillermo Alejandro Herrera Horta Zurelys Gutiérrez García M. Srividya Iyengar Dr. R. Venkatesh Carolina Pradier Diego Kozlowski Natsumi S. Shokida Vincent Larivière Ayelen Carames Patricio Nogueroles Emilio Recart Maria Cruzado Carlos Luddwing Muñoz Valderrama Tomás Alves Salgueiro Stefan Efraín Vera Mariana Cordoba Pablo Nicolás Fernández Larrosa Lucía Céspedes Federico di Pasquo Carolina Ocampo Matias Lamberti Tomas Busan Nahuel Pallitto Paula Zoe Gelerstein Moreyra Nadia Justel Verónika Diaz Abrahan Diego Kozlowski Vincent Larivière Cassidy R. Sugimoto Thema Monroe-White Matias Lamberti Federico di Pasquo Morena López Nadia Justel Verónika Diaz Abrahan Marcos Antonio da Silva Patricio Nogueroles Tomás Alves Salgueiro Stefan Efraín Vera Carlos Luddwing Muñoz Valderrama Pablo Nicolás Fernández Larrosa Kevin Poveda Jazmin Glustein Facundo Gonzáles Vera Mignaqui Ignacio Borón Leandro Enrique Rodríguez Cristina Victoria Toledo Carolina Cárdenas-Poveda Verónika Diaz Abrahan Nadia Justel María de los Angeles Bacigalupe Abril Quintana Thea Elvio Galati Christian A. Avalos Federico Costa Diego Mendicino Mariana Sanmartino Leda Beltramo Ludmila Bazan Rodriguez Mariano Leiva Romina Chiaraviglio Mariana Maglianese Tamara Ricardo Andrea Previtali Paloma Castiglione Natalia Fernández Juan Francisco Blanco María Guadalupe Macedo Sofía Astelarra García Peñaloza John Edisson Johanna Luceni Loaiza Vera Norma Constanza García Peñaloza Marcela F. Monzón-Murillo Sofía D. Vivanco-Hilario Wilter C. Morales-García Olivia E. Pulcha-Llerena Sofía D. Vivanco-Hilario Wilter C. Morales-García Ruth N Bueno-Huaman Carmen Villanueva-Sanchez Sofía D. Vivanco-Hilario Wilter C. Morales-García John Edisson García Peñaloza Zinaida Leonor Vergara Ramírez Johanna Luceni Loaiza Vera Norma Constanza García Peñaloza Francisco Javier García García Daniel Roman-Acosta Ana Sofía Cardenas Francisco Javier García García Jose Rolando García Moreno Yenny Carolina Mejía García Ricardo Elías Celis Parra Benchikh Salma Jarou Tarik Lamrani Roa Benchikh Salma Jarou Tarik Lamrani Roa Benchikh Salma Jarou Tarik Lamrani Roa V.K Nwodo G. Luntsi M. Dambele D.Z. Joseph U. Abubakar N.O. Egbe M.P. Ogolodom M.C.Okeji D.C.Ugwuanyi I.C.Ezenma F.O. Erondu H.U Chiegwu C.C. Nzotta M. Abubakar Deysi Licourt Otero Melissa Toledo Licourt Deysi Licourt Otero Melissa Toledo Licourt Belkys Candelaria Gómez Ilena Aurora Díaz Hernández Carlos Enrique Hugo Soto Edgar Aleksej Vega Lizarme Silvia Aydee Huittoccollo Huirse Julio Cesar Abarca Panique Cristhian Alva Emili Flores Jhosselyn Raymundo Yolanda S. Gutierrez-Prieto María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Maruja Morales-Amao Yaquilina Morales-Romaní María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Marcela F. Monzón-Murillo Sofía D. Vivanco-Hilario María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Chávez G. Hilda-Lucila Lenny Y.Ureta-Rios Alicia Ponce-Valencia María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Lucy Luya-Castro Johanna Santiago-Rodriguez María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Patricia Ramírez-Azparrent Gladis J. Ramírez-Panduro María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Nancy Aquino-Risco María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Agata S. Ibañez-Asto María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Rebeca López-Calderón Mariela Velarde-Ocharán María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Nilda L.Chávez-Raraa Katia M. Urrunaga Ochoa María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Gómez Tineo-Doris Jimena Kivvet Medina V. María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Muñoz S. Violeta-Luz Euribe S. Maria Teresa Ponce Valencia-Alicia María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Nancy Espiritu-Gozar Flor M. Heredia-Garay María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Deny Corvera-Carhuapuma María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Maybee Cayanchira-Domínguez Lic. Iveth S. Sicha-Cueto María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Danitza R. Casildo-Bedon María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Sindy De la Cruz Mansilla Lizbeth Garcia Aedo María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Elvia Hurtado-Tapia Carmela Padilla María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Julissa Burga-Gutiérrez María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García Diana Alejandra Hernández Pérez Jaime Andres Perez Cotrino Vanessa Ocampo Orozco Nezar Restrepo Zuluaga Alfredo Perez Cortés Ernest Palacios Mosquera Madersson Fabian Losada Jarly Vivas Collazos Jaisser Perea Rivas Derly Viviana Caro Rodríguez Natalia Alvis Gómez Eduvier Valderrama Patiño Paula Andrea Álzate Hernandez Yoannia Caridad Fernandez Rojas Doraimys Valido Valdes Yanely Sánchez Rodríguez Emma Gallardo Romero Wilman Meylin Vilaú Suárez Sergio Chenlo Gisela Vanina Acosta Beiman Francisco Conde-Oria Francisco Gelman Constantin Anahí Sy Paula Derossi Brenda Moglia Cinthia Sapienza Silvia Elizabeth Marelli Malena Méndez Isla Agustin Mauro Diego Kozlowski María Mercedes Patrouilleau Natacha Salomé Lima Miguel Adrián Romero Ailin Delvitto Ana Tropea María Alejandra Petino Zappala Fernando Pérez Ferretti María Paula Paragis Calén N. Sansalone Facundo Couto Matías Blaustein Mercedes García Carrillo Juan Soler Gustavo Bujan Micaela Yanet Rios Jazmín Yomha Cevasco Laura Zulaica Gabriela Calderon Celeste Molpeceres Mariana Gonzalez Insua Ludmila R. Bazán Domínguez Renata Villarreal M. Andrea Previtali Mariana Maglianese Gabriela Mertes Victoria Gomez Sebastián Claussen Romina Chiaraviglio Leda Beltramo Christian A. Avalos Mariano Leiva Diego Mendicino Mónica Cesana Bernasconi Guiomar Sakamoto Comite Editorial Macarena Alvarez Cortina Eliana Ruetti Federico Barrera-Lemarchand Victoria Lescano-Charreau Julieta Ruiz Nuria Cáceres Facundo Carrillo Joaquín Navajas Mario Villarreal Maximiliano Luis Leiva Jazmin Cevazco Tomas Lorusso Matías Blaustein Mercedes García Carrillo Silvia Elizabeth Marelli Emiliano Ariel Martínez Viademonte Mercedes García Carrillo Matías Blaustein Iriel Surai Molina Nahuel Pallitto Dana María Negretti Borga Nahuel Pallitto Nazareth Juarez Rusjan Iriel Surai Molina Guillermo Folguera Emilio Recart Danai Broggi Damian Furman Juan Manuel Perez Pablo Nicolás Fernandez Larrosa Dania Gabriela Salvatierra Rojo María Alicia Arias Paz Juan Cruz Trejo Belizán Milen Milagros Capua Hernández Romina Andrea Escobar Loisiau María de los Angeles Paladea Paz Sánchez-Casaccia Julieta Nattero Florencia Cano Leonardo Díaz Nieto Liliana Salvá Sergio Meli Ana Laura Carbajal-de-la-Fuente Victoria Vampa Andres M. Kowalski Federico Holik Marcelo Losada Mariela Portesi A. Nicolás Venturelli Bernardita Zalisñak Rolando F. Maradey Natsumi S. Shokida Diego Kozlowski Vincent Larivière Matias Blaustein Mariana Cordoba Pablo Nicolas Fernandez Larrosa Maximiliano Ferro Federico Holik ,

Published: January 1, 2024

Contents

2024-04-07 Original
Business challenges that employees face today

Explore the main work challenges that workers face, from the transition to remote work, flexibility in schedules to adaptability in new technologies and the ability to grow, face new challenges, in the face of the demands of a changing work environment. In addition, to promote the comprehensive well-being of workers through social benefits, fostering a direct relationship between employee and employer, building a better organizational environment. In this way, through qualitative research, based on the collection, selection and analysis of truthful information. With the application of a descriptive method, based on the observation of current data. Related to three approaches, social benefits, flexibility and schedules, teleworking, we sought to make a synthesis from two perspectives, as a first measure, the transformation and challenges that organizations assume within; and the second, focused on the driving force of companies, human talent as an individual, subject to adaptability to improve the quality of their well-being. Among the findings, it was possible to establish that the use and implementation of these changes in organizations allows improving levels of satisfaction, productivity and job performance in workers. To conclude, it is possible to establish according to the opinion of several authors, these transformations or changes contribute to progressively raising work motivation; However, it does not guarantee the retention and permanence of workers in organizations

By Fabiola Trujillo Piedrahita

2024-04-07 Original
Understanding Work Procrastination: Causes, Impacts, and Management Strategies

Procrastination in the contemporary workplace, a complex phenomenon, has been thoroughly investigated from its causes to its management strategies in a comprehensive research project. Lack of intrinsic motivation and low self-efficacy emerge as key elements in the genesis of work-related procrastination, and their interconnection creates a detrimental cycle. Social expectations and organizational culture play a crucial role, influencing the tendency to postpone tasks. Individually, procrastination is linked to elevated stress levels, decreased job satisfaction, and impaired self-esteem, while at the organizational level, it affects labor efficiency, work quality, and competitiveness. Management strategies, both at the individual and organizational levels, underscore the importance of self-regulation, time management, and the creation of environments that foster self-discipline. This comprehensive analysis underscores the need to simultaneously address psychological, sociocultural, and organizational aspects to effectively manage work-related procrastination, thereby promoting healthier and more productive work environments

By Mayerly Zuleima Sanchez Sarria

2024-04-07 Original
Trends in Research: Bioculture, Social Metabolism and Territory in the 21st Century

The purpose of this study is to analyze the dynamic interaction between Bioculture, Social Metabolism and Territory, in order to understand how these complex and intertwined dimensions shape human societies, impact environmental sustainability and shape cultural practices. A qualitative methodology that integrates two complementary approaches is employed. First, bibliometric searches are conducted using specific equations focused on the analytical categories of Bioculture, Social Metabolism and Territory. Second, a documentary review is conducted through triangulation between these and emerging categories, using the PRISMA protocol as a guide. It is concluded that understanding the interrelationship between Bioculture, Social Metabolism and Territory as shaping elements of human societies offers a valuable analytical framework, fundamental to address contemporary challenges, from environmental sustainability to social equity

By Dustin Tahisin Gómez Rodríguez

2024-04-12 Original
The cash cycle and economic profitability of Centro Universitario de Prestación de Servicios Imprenta Unión

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the cash cycle and economic profitability at the Centro Universitario de Prestación de Servicios Imprenta Unión. The study was based on a quantitative approach with a non-experimental, correlational, explanatory and cross-sectional design. The method used was the analysis of information, consolidating as a study sample the financial statements and accounting records pertaining to accounts receivable turnover, inventory turnover, accounts payable turnover; and then analyzing the cash cycle and the acid test. The results were a positive correlation (Rho=0.612) and a value of (p=0.098) of the cash cycle and profitability, in addition, a coefficient (Rho=0.432) of the accounts receivable turnover and profitability, a coefficient (Rho=0.087) of the inventory turnover and profitability, a coefficient (Rho=0.500) of the accounts receivable turnover and profitability. It is concluded that in the investigation period from 2019-2022 of the unit of analysis the cash cycle does not have an effect on the economic profitability of the Centro Universitario de Prestación de Servicios Imprenta Unión

By Gisela Díaz Abanto Beatriz Carire Soras Salomón Axel Vásquez Campos Rafael Romero-Carazas

2024-04-05 Original
Medical science education in COVID-19 times

Introduction: In the year 2020 the World Health Organization (WHO)( WHO,2020), declared as a pandemic respiratory infectious infectious disease that was named coronavirus infectious disease-19 (Corona VIrus Disease 2019, known as COVID-19), first identified on December 12, 2019 in Wuhan. Aim: To describe the strategies implemented in universities of medical sciences worldwide and in South Consolation during COVID-19. Methods: a search of available evidence was conducted in Medline/Pubmed, Scopus, and EBSCO databases using the terms “COVID-19”, “medical education”, “SARS”, “MERS”, and “Medicine School”. Articles available as full text were reviewed and those detailing the strategies implemented during the SARS-CoV1, MERS, and Covid-19 epidemics were selected.  Conclusions: the analysis of the strategies during the COVID-19 epidemic highlighted the importance of taking into account previous actions and adapting them to our reality. Developing our own strategies that achieved a greater interaction of students with the community and the family, with greater interaction with the teacher, teacher adaptation to the use of ICT, interaction of students with the municipal teaching department and the basic health team of each area, and close communication with students and parents, to have the largest number of virtual tools that allowed to cover the different learning styles

By Doraimys Valido Valdes Iris María Hernández Villar Yoannia Caridad Fernandez Rojas Yanely Sánchez Rodríguez Emma Gallardo Romero

2024-04-05 Original
Glycemic disorders in overweight and obese elderly

Introduction: Obesity, overweight and glycemic disorders have increased their incidence internationally and have been associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality and disability and worse health and quality of life. Objective: to characterize overweight and obese older adults with glycemic disorders at the Pedro Borrás Astorga Polyclinic in Pinar del Río, during the first quarter of 2023. Methods: observational, descriptive and cross-sectional research, with a population of 234 overweight and obese older adults. obesity. and a sample of 167 elderly people who met the inclusion criteria: willingness to participate in the study and having been classified as overweight or obese, and exclusion criteria: elderly people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. The study variables were age, sex, skin color, toxic habits, cardiovascular risk factors, Body Mass Index and capillary glycemia level. Results: the older adults of the female sex predominated in 57.4% and with ages between 70 and 79 years in 44.3%. The ingestion of coffee in 61.9% was the most frequent toxic habit. Dyslipidemia predominated in 76.6%, as a cardiovascular risk factor. Most of the elderly are overweight with a Body Mass Index between 25-29.9 kg/m2 in 44.3%. 8.3% of obese patients had capillary blood levels greater than 6.11 mmol. Conclusions: older adults who are overweight and obese are more likely to suffer from glycemic disorders and present cardiovascular risk factors

By Guillermo Luis Herrera Miranda Guillermo Alejandro Herrera Horta Zurelys Gutiérrez García

2024-04-24 Original
A brief communication on the Top Ten Trends in the Hospitality Industry for 2024: World Scenario

Technology plays an important role in the hotel industry now, and all indications suggest that it will continue to do so in the future. Hotels can now provide their guests with more customised and efficient experiences thanks to the ongoing advancement of technology. Hotels have used artificial intelligence to change how they connect with their clients, exceeding expectations and offering services and suggestions suited to their interests and preferences in an accurate and timely manner. Furthermore, the most recent AI apps have made it easier to communicate with visitors by using chatbots and virtual assistants that can answer frequently requested inquiries and deliver real-time information. On the other side, technology has had a favourable influence on hotel internal operations. Technology-based hotel management systems enable hotels to automate tasks like check-in and check-out, room management, and staff deployment. Hotels have improved operating efficiency, reduced expenses, and increased profitability by integrating cutting-edge technology. Where do hotel chains and tourist firms stand, what are the major issues they face after surviving the Covid-19 epidemic, how can they address these challenges, and how do they relate to technology? This brief report will give solution to all these questions

By M. Srividya Iyengar Dr. R. Venkatesh

2024-04-30 Original
Political-Economic Instability in Latin America and Its Impact on Gender Inequality in Science

Scientific development in Latin America is heavily influenced by the region's political and economic instability. Throughout the 20th century, a regional knowledge dissemination circuit emerged alongside the global academic circuit. The existence of a regional academic circuit entails several advantages, such as allowing research projects to address regionally relevant topics. However, academic capital accumulated in the global circuit transfers more readily to the regional circuit than its inverse; in this regard, integration into each of these circuits has significant consequences on scientists' careers.

 

Using bibliometric data from the Dimensions database, this article examines the relationship between gender inequalities in the scientific field and the integration of Latin American scientists into regional and global academic circuits from 1993 to 2022. Our results show phases of both expansion and contraction in the regional knowledge circuit during this period. Despite a general increase in women's participation in the scientific field throughout this period, gender disparities persist: while women tend to be more engaged in the regional circuit, men are mainly involved in the global circuit.

By Carolina Pradier Diego Kozlowski Natsumi S. Shokida Vincent Larivière

2024-05-03 Original
Gender at the causal basis of the new libertarian right

Political polarisation and the empowerment of the libertarian right is a pressing problem in today's democracies. Previous studies have shown a gender gap in support for the libertarian right, with young male populations standing out(1,2). In turn, these right-wingers reproduce hateful, anti-rights, or outright anti-feminist discourses(3), based on biologicist perspectives.
Our paper presents results of dataset analysis obtained during the 2019 (4) and 2023 presidential elections. The relationship between political ideology (PI) and age and gender identity was analysed. Using a Multinomial Model, the 2019 PASO base (n=2105) showed significance for the interaction age and gender, with 75% of the population of right-wing males aged 15-30 (compared to 45% of females in the same age range). For the general election (n=1172) the gap was smaller but still males perceived themselves to be more right-wing. The 2023 general election base (n=1380) showed that men were significantly more conservative and right-wing, with the 15-30 age range standing out. They were also closer to Milei (age range 15-45), while women were closer to Bregman. For the Ballotage base (n=1270), it was observed that men were more right-wing than women, but in this case a right-wing population of women aged 30-45 stood out, close to Milei.
These results allow us to identify populations that are receptive to right-wing libertarian ideas. Although it remains to be analysed more factors that condition the predilection of young men for a right-wing proposal, as well as to evaluate the discourses that appeal to these populations, the gender gap in the population suggests that these are positions that are contrary to women's rights and dissidence won by feminism

By Ayelen Carames Patricio Nogueroles Emilio Recart Maria Cruzado Carlos Luddwing Muñoz Valderrama Tomás Alves Salgueiro Stefan Efraín Vera Mariana Cordoba Pablo Nicolás Fernández Larrosa

2024-05-03 Original
Languages, disciplines, and prefixes: implications and scope of multi, inter, and trans thought

This presentation sought to reflect upon the prefixes historically used to name those entities which cannot be bounded to a single, fixed, discreet category. Contributions from Linguistics were taken as a starting point to then extrapolate its concepts to the analysis of scientific practice in general. Thus, first, different conceptions of linguistic relations were compared and contrasted: from mono to bi, multi, inter, and finally, translingualism, with special attention to power issues, border demarcation, and speaker characterization in each of these paradigms. Second, a correspondence between analogous categories which describe and study contacts among scientific disciplines (multi, inter and transdiscipline) was tried out. Finally, the reach and limitations of applying this linguistic metaphor to the analysis of hybridization and exchanges within the scientific field were assessed, as well as its potential to induce changes in knowledge classification and production practices

By Lucía Céspedes

2024-05-03 Original
Decolonizing the Environmental Issue: dismantling the “Contributions of Nature to People”

The United Nations System (UN), along with a series of linked Intergovernmental Organizations (IOs), are presented as some of the most important actors on the world stage. This System directly influences public policies, laws, and instruments of the different States of Latin America and the Caribbean.(1) Under this premise, we study one of these organizations, aimed at the environmental problems of our region, called: "Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services" (IPBES). Specifically, we investigate this platform based on the document entitled: "Regional Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services for the Americas".(2) We argue that IPBES (like the entire UN System) functions as an ideological apparatus that implements Western global designs that legitimize the inferiorization of non-Western knowledge and epistemologies.(3) Thus, our objective is to dismantle the epistemic strategy used by IPBES, called "Nature's Contributions to People" (NCP), to evidence and denounce the privilege granted to eropean-north-american scientific-ecological knowledge. Our results aim to denounce the privileges granted to ecological knowledge through the theoretical strategy implemented by IPBES (NCP). This theoretical strategy organizes and stabilizes a representation of our natures through categories that support european-north-american dominance and that, tacitly, inferiorize knowledge from our region. As has been pointed out, the reverse of privileging scientific knowledge is the inferiorization of other knowledge

By Federico di Pasquo Carolina Ocampo Matias Lamberti Tomas Busan Nahuel Pallitto

2024-05-03 Original
Preliminar results on the contributions of music therapy and vibroacoustic therapy to the treatment of stress

Introduction. Stress is one of the most frequent current mental health problems among the Latin American population, mainly related to social, work and academic spaces. Receptive music therapy interventions are used for stress reduction and include musical and/or vibrational perception. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of music therapy (MI) interventions of music listening (MI), vibroacoustic stimulation (VAS) and vibroacoustic music therapy (VAMT, combination of MI + VAS) on stress. Method. Thirty people (18 to 50 years old) from Córdoba and Buenos Aires, Argentina were participated in this study. Blood pressure, emotional state, relaxation and stress were evaluated before and after the interventions. There was a control condition (listening to the story). Results. No significant differences were found in blood pressure. On subjective states, MS presented a lower level of mental calmness compared to the other groups. More interestingly, the EV group had higher levels of tranquility when comparing pre- and post-intervention values. In terms of stress, the control group presented the highest levels compared to the other three groups in the post-intervention phase. In addition, there was a decrease in stress in the EM, EV and MTV groups between the pre- and post-intervention phases. Conclusion. The results of this preliminary study show that interventions that include music or vibration reduce stress states. However, more research is needed to advance this issue

By Paula Zoe Gelerstein Moreyra Nadia Justel Verónika Diaz Abrahan

2024-05-03 Original
The animal that therefore we are conserving: conservation biology under the eyes of animality

Biodiversity loss has become one of the most relevant issues of our time in the context of environmental crisis. Conservation biology has established itself, since the 1980s, as the scientific field par excellence aimed at addressing this loss(1). Under the argument that their conservation results in a good chance of preserving all forms of life, animal species (particularly large mammals) have become the main focus of conservation. Now, what is the so-called animal that we are conserving? The aim of this presentation is to problematize the conception of the animal in conservation biology, and then to think about what other animalities and ways of linking ourselves are possible. To do so, we will make use of certain approaches offered by the field of critical animal studies, which questions the human/animal dichotomy that leads to an inferiorization of the animal with respect to the human(2,3,4). Thus, we will recover the hypothesis proposed by Jacques Derrida in The animal that therefore I am: generally it is possible to recognize the discourse of experts who, although they have observed and analyzed the animal, have never recognized the gaze of an other who also observes them(5). Through this anthropocentric conception of the animal that would mobilize this field of biology, a hierarchical or speciesist treatment of non-human animals is enabled in conservationist contexts. The challenge, then, will be to rethink conservation biology in order to devise non-speciesist ways of dealing with biodiversity loss

By Matias Lamberti Federico di Pasquo

2024-05-03 Original
Influence of Sociocultural Proximity on Emotional Induction through Music. Perspectives for Therapeutic and Educational Interventions

Music-based interventions consist of the implementation of musical experiences for educational and/or therapeutic purposes, and their effect resides mainly in the emotional states they generate.(1) Based on the evidence on the mechanisms underlying Emotional Induction through Music (EIM), European musical pieces are usually used which, due to their acoustic characteristics, are classified as arousing and relaxing.(2)  These have been tested and validated in other sociocultural contexts, but it is unknown if they can induce the same states in our population, or if it would be more effective to work with local pieces. With the purpose of knowing if EIM depends only on musical characteristics, or if other sociocultural factors intervene in the process, an experiment was carried out comparing the psychophysiological response (heart rate variability, dermal conductance and subjective assessment) of 28 participants (M = 27.45; SD = 1.31) while listening to musical pieces of Latin American and European origin, both arousing and relaxing. Subjectively, the arousing pieces were rated as more exciting and positive than the relaxing Latin American piece; and this, more than the relaxing European piece. Likewise, the pattern of physiological activity suggests that there was greater sympathetic activity during listening to the arousing Latin American piece, and greater parasympathetic activity during the relaxing pieces, especially the Latin American one. These findings show that sociocultural proximity to music is a central factor in EIM, and it should be considered when designing music-based educational and/or therapeutic intervention strategies

By Morena López Nadia Justel Verónika Diaz Abrahan

2024-05-03 Original
Between resistance and irrelevance: the public university and the new rights in Latin America in the 21st century

This work analyzes the challenges facing public universities in the face of the rise of the new Latin American rights in this new century. To this end, it discusses the political situation and the new (and old) Latin American rights, highlighting their diversity, both in their origin and in their program, their transnational action and their relations with the new neoliberalism in the region, in which we can highlight the development of a libertarian, authoritarian, mercantilist and entrepreneurial perspective on education. From this, considering such regional diversity, it analyzes the impacts of such a political perspective on the public university and the democratization of higher education, discussing various experiences of the new Latin American right that, although resuming old policies, seek to question and minimize the role of public universities cutting their funding, commodifying higher education, including privatization and, mainly, questioning the meaning of public university education. While recognizing the diversity and differences of national processes and cases, this analysis seeks to understand the common elements that challenge public higher education in the region in this new century

By Marcos Antonio da Silva

2024-05-03 Original
Role of political ideology in information monitoring and opinion change

Political Ideology (PI) is a system of representations that can serve as an anchor at the cognitive (individual) level to evaluate relevant information in Complex Decision Making (CDM (1)), but also as a political (social) map on which to identify options (2). This can be understood as a cognitive shortcut (heuristic) of information to make decisions with minimum cognitive effort (3) (more automatically).
Two online experiments were conducted through the Neuron.AR platform during the Argentinean elections (general and ballotage) of 2023 to evaluate how PI modulates the valuation of semantic content and induces a change of opinion. In both, personal information (age, gender, residence, social status, etc) of the subjects was recorded. The political and ideological orientation of the participants was characterized through their self-perception, and operationally on a scale of progressivism and conservatism (based on the response to conservative or progressive items (4)), the closeness to the candidates and the political (symbolic) perception of candidates. Then, the change in the valuation of the items of the conservatism or progressivism scale was evaluated, but this time associated with a right-wing or left-wing candidate.
The first experiment was carried out by 2839 people and the second by 1294. The symbolic and operational PI scales correlated consistently. From left to right, the candidates were ranked in the following order: Bregman, Massa, Schiaretti, Bullrich and Milei. Participants who identified more to the left or to the right showed greater change in ratings of both conservative and progressive items, regardless of whether these items were associated with a right- or left-wing candidate. The results support the hypothesis that ideology may function as a heuristic anchor, rather than a social map, in the process of monitoring information relevant to BDT

By Patricio Nogueroles Tomás Alves Salgueiro Stefan Efraín Vera Carlos Luddwing Muñoz Valderrama Pablo Nicolás Fernández Larrosa

2024-05-03 Original
Experience in building and utilizing a Coastal Environmental Quality Index through a mobile phone application (ICALi) with High Schools and Social Organizations

The development and use of open-source tools for participatory environmental assessment constitute a fertile field for the construction of environmental knowledge and wisdom. Here, we present preliminary results of a participatory assessment experience in seven coastal localities in the province of Buenos Aires through a mobile phone application that allows for the calculation of a Coastal Environmental Quality Index (ICALi). This index was constructed based on 10 multiple-choice questions aimed at evaluating the environmental quality of coastal areas, considering observable aspects such as the presence and type of flora and fauna, coastal morphology, or organoleptic properties of water. The application was developed on an open-access platform, enabling not only its free use but also modification by users. Its implementation took place through workshop sessions with secondary schools and socio-environmental organizations, including participatory mapping of environmental conflicts, field trips using the app, and sharing and analysis of results. The application of the tool by teachers and residents of different coastal areas allowed for obtaining index values at each surveyed site. Comparing the values obtained for different points at the local and provincial levels enabled recognition of the value of coastal areas as natural public spaces, highlighting the main difficulties for their preservation and care. Additionally, the critical use of the tool was evidenced, allowing for the collection of improvement proposals. Participatory research processes were promoted, generating spaces for exchange and construction of contextualized environmental knowledge in each territory

By Kevin Poveda Jazmin Glustein Facundo Gonzáles Vera Mignaqui Ignacio Borón

2024-05-03 Original
Spectral or Dynamic Constellations as Sound Sources in Maps

Research on musical aesthetic patterns on different decades of the second part of the last twentieth century allowed specific studies based on frequency and amplitude data. This approach is carried out mainly to locate musical instruments and their relations inside the stereo image (the traditional audio virtual space), so a bidimensional map development was determined as a key part for finding spatial distribution patterns on different periods of stereo music masters -to be able to characterize timbral aesthetics from a measured perspective-. This article presents the concepts, methodology and the analysis performed, a well all their results. Hence, a new approach of musical sound sources conceptualization inside the stereo image is presented, where they are either spectral or dynamic component constellations. Additionally, this concept and approach could apply to any kind of sound sources inside a recorded signa

By Leandro Enrique Rodríguez

2024-05-06 Original
Musical Perception and Social Context in emotional memory consolidation

Introduction: Music-based interventions in cognitive neuroscience research have gained prominence.(1,2) Previous studies have shown that musical perception following learning impacts consolidation, improving long-term memory.(3,4,5,6) Additionally, it has been evidenced that social context affects the emotional experience induced through music, generating more intense positive emotions.(7) The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of musical perception and social context on the consolidation of emotional memory in adults.
Methodology: Sixty-four participants aged between 20 and 50 years (M = 26.08, SD = 1.22) viewed 36 images (positive, negative, and neutral), and then were assigned to one of four conditions for three minutes: listening to an activating piece of music alone; or with company; silence alone; or with company. Long and short memory was evaluated, and other variables such as liking and familiarity with the music were assessed.
Results: There was a trend for groups that listened to music to have a better memory of positive images compared to groups that were in silence. Additionally, a positive correlation was found between musical liking and memory of positive images.
Conclusions: Listening to music with company may improve the memory of emotional images similar to what occurs when listening alone. It is necessary to confirm this by controlling context variables such as musical choice, the application of the protocol in-person, and the bond with the company

By Cristina Victoria Toledo Carolina Cárdenas-Poveda Verónika Diaz Abrahan Nadia Justel

2024-05-06 Original
Using mixed methods research: Contributions from a case working with people with Parkinson’s Disease

Introduction: Mixed methods research has the potential to combine the use of quantitative and qualitative techniques and methods so that the greatest possible potential of fieldwork is achieved. The complexity of individual-environment relationships in situations that put health and life trajectories at stake is an appropriate context for applying the mixed approach. Here it presents its application in a work with people with Parkinson's Disease (PwPD). Methods: Intensive, situated, sequential mixed method approach with qualitative dominance, working with a non-parametric and convenience sample of PwPD in a local context. Results: It was observed that coping strategies did not show significant quantitative differences between two events determined a priori by the researcher based on the background (COVID-19 pandemic and diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease (PD)); However, qualitatively we found that the diagnosis constituted a clear turning point common to PwPD, unlike the pandemic. Conclusions: Although the initial intention was to work on the impact of the pandemic on the lives of PwPD (knowing from published background that the pandemic had affected people with chronic diseases whether or not they had suffered from coronavirus), the development of the study led to resuming their life stories, emphasizing the particular issues linked to living with Parkinson's. Contrary to the assumptions, the determination of the coronavirus pandemic had not had the relevance as a turning point that the diagnosis of PD did represent

By María de los Angeles Bacigalupe

2024-05-06 Original
Feeling-thinking bodies-territories along the Negro River. An ethnography of the West Coast Neighborhood in the neo-extractive present of the town of Allen, Río Negro

The proposal consists of presenting the progress of the current Master's thesis project in Social Sciences, whose object of study is the sentiments of the bodies-territories produced by the population of the Costa Oeste neighborhood, in the city of Allen (Río Negro), in its connection with the Negro River.
The importance of the river crosses several areas that make life possible in the region, and Costa Oeste is the neighborhood of the city of Allen closest to it. However, between 2012 and 2013, the method of non-conventional extraction of hydrocarbons is consolidated in the region. It appears the need to propose narratives that include as categories the territory, the body and nature in the analysis of the resulting socio-environmental conflicts.
The proposal is inserted in the field of social, legal and territorial studies; from transdisciplinary, situated and gender perspectives. The proposal is to investigate how the community of the West Coast Neighborhood feels their body territories in their relationship with the Negro River. In this way, attention will be paid to the meanings that the people of the neighborhood attribute to the territory, to their bodies, and to the Negro River. We also inquire about the transformations that can be observed when thinking about bodies-territories in the current neo-extractivist context. Finally, we will analyze how the political-legal decisions that have implemented the neo-extractivist model in the region have influenced the production of sentipensares in the body-territories

By Abril Quintana Thea

2024-05-06 Original
Goodbye to the method. Welcome to Organology

The paper reviewed the book “Organology, or the new research organization. Epistemological and methodological guidelines of the complex thought”, by Elvio Galati. The idea of seeing a philosophy of methodology, a gnoseology of methodology, an epistemology of methodology, a methodology technique, an ethics of methodology, a pedagogy of methodology, a politics of methodology and a criticism of methodology, implied a philosophical idea related to a new and original organization of methodology, called “Organology”. This network space examined the interaction of all the areas linked to the study of methodology according to complex thought and joined the different research dimensions. 
    This paper had 4 parts: the author, the scientory of the book, what the book is about and the explanation of Organology, and the structure of the book. The book is structured based on the 10 subparts of Organology: its philosophy, its history, its gnoseology, its systemics and the units of knowledge integration, its holography and recursiveness, its politics, its methodology, its ethics, its pedagogy and its criticism. Things are not by themselves, but they relate. The methodological simplicity that implies separating in disciplines, importing recipes, oversizing the experts’ knowledge and infringing the researcher’s freedom is questioned. 
    The method is not only in Methodology. The researcher is the measure of its method, the methods that relate, that they relate. The method is about to be done and the super-researcher will participate in its production

By Elvio Galati

2024-05-08 Original
Design of dengue and leptospirosis prevention strategies through participatory interventions in comparison with vertical strategies in riverside areas of Alto Verde (Santa Fe Capital): Preliminary results


This study focuses on the prevention of dengue and leptospirosis in vulnerable populations in the riverside area of the city of Santa Fe, Argentina, comparing the effectiveness of vector and reservoir control strategies through participatory interventions with a community approach, compared to traditional vertical strategies in riverside areas of Santa Fe. 
In the face of the hegemonic sanitary and medical model, it is necessary to provide more knowledge on the effectiveness of other possible forms of prevention, based on critical, socio-ecological, participatory models and approaches, which occur at the local scale, in the territories inhabited by the community. 
The methodology of the study comprised a quali-quantitative, randomized, controlled community trial with local community action. Two representative zones were selected from riverside sectors of Santa Fe, which share similar socioeconomic indices. In one area, participatory interventions were applied based on participatory action research, Citizen Science, and SEPA (Sociabilization of Evidence for Action) approaches. Simultaneously, and as a control, vertical and centralized prevention mechanisms were applied in the other zone.  In order to make comparisons of effectiveness, a characterization of the socio-environmental, sanitary, vector and reservoir conditions, and knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding these diseases was carried out in both zones, at pre- and post-intervention times.
In exploratory analyses of the data collected, significant rates of change were found between both zones post-intervention, and a significant effect of the participatory interventions for response variables of health importance in dengue. Sampling for leptospirosis remains to be done

By Christian A. Avalos Federico Costa Diego Mendicino Mariana Sanmartino Leda Beltramo Ludmila Bazan Rodriguez Mariano Leiva Romina Chiaraviglio Mariana Maglianese Tamara Ricardo Andrea Previtali

2024-05-08 Original
Architectures of finitude: New biomaterial practices from an ecofeminist perspective

Ecofeminisms have emerged in the heat of social movements and form a diverse current of thought that explores synergies between feminisms and ecologies, from which it is affirmed that in order to sustain life, it is necessary to recognize the interdependence of life. The environmental crises have highlighted violence against women, in close relation to the violence suffered by nature, where gender and environment are intertwined under multiple, linked and comparable oppressions. In this sense, it is necessary to put in tension the non-neutrality of the constructive elements that surround us by analyzing their productive matrices within the capitalist system. Giving meaning to the field of materials engineering implies recognizing that technology is not neutral, in order to contemplate the ways of co-producing the habitat. It becomes urgent to know the environmental impact that material production generates on ecosystems. During the last decades, the development of bio-based materials has been growing. In this line, reflections are proposed about the environmental crisis articulated with gender inequality, and with experiences of new bio-based materials in the face of the need for access to habitat, as opposed to the hegemonic market logics that consider the city and housing -and therefore the materials that compose it- as a product and not a right. Thus, material developments are turning towards technologies where the sustainability of life is central, through the use of biodegradable materials, respecting the natural cycles of regeneration

By Natalia Fernández

2024-05-08 Original
Interdisciplinary collaboration in the field of psychology of reasoning

In the psychology of reasoning there is the emergence of a new paradigm that moves away from the previous project that attempted to understand human reasoning through its alignment with classical logic. The new paradigm has replaced logic with Bayesian probability theory, and phenomena such as argumentation, deduction and induction are modeled within a probabilistic social framework.
This new paradigm appears to be more conducive to interdisciplinary collaboration, as well as more in need of such an approach. The possible link with explanations of rationality in psychology, philosophy, neuroscience and artificial intelligence seems more fruitful than in the previous paradigm. The emphasis on probability theory is linked to the explosion of interest in Bayesian models of perception, motor control, language processing and knowledge representation in psychology. There are also strong connections with Bayesian brain theory. The emphasis on knowledge-rich reasoning embedded in social interactions links to inferential theories of communication. In addition, the focus on cognitive division of labor links to developments in social epistemology and explanations of the collective rationality of simple agents with finance theory, economics, and theories of cumulative cultural evolution.
In this framework, the present paper aims to review the current conditions of cooperation in the field of the psychology of reasoning, as well as its possibilities and limits for the future

By Juan Francisco Blanco

2024-05-08 Original
A geopolitical look at Science and Technology: global tensions and imaginaries. The case of bioinputs in argentina

Bioinputs constitute a new technological promise that opens the possibility of reconciling opposing interests within the agricultural field, which must be thought in the global context where multiple factors such as political, cultural, social, economic and legal influence. The following work had the objective of establishing a geopolitical view on the situation of bioinputs in Argentina and the link between world order, foreign policy and technological development.
This work was framed within science and technology studies from a critical communication theory perspective. We start from the following research question: Would technological autonomy in agricultural bioinputs allow the consolidation of national sovereignty? Is the development of bioinputs in the country a promise for the development of the country to move from being a peripheral country to a central country? 
It is intended to look at how the case of technological innovations of bioinputs play a central role in terms of scientific and technological development from a geopolitical point of view, having as an axis to articulate the concept of socio-technical imaginary. Based on a case study: bioinputs in Argentina, it was intended to analyze the discursive genres taking into account the discourse analysis proposed by Van Dijk (1996), analyzing the structures and functions of the text in its social, political and cultural context from the viewpoint of critical thinking

By María Guadalupe Macedo

2024-05-08 Original
"Living in contact with nature". The emergence of socio-environmental conflicts around urban-real estate extractivism

Within the framework of the “Jornadas Fundamentos y Aplicaciones de la Interdisciplina” (JFAI) and the roundtable "Nature, socio-territorial conflicts and socio-environmental issues" we will address the following questions: What disputes arise in the context of social struggles for the appropriation, management and use of nature? How does the deepening of the extractivist model affect the different social actors, such as native peoples, fumigated peoples, peasant movements, local/regional organizations and/or assemblies, among others?
To do so, I will take as a starting point the phrase "living in contact with nature" and I will focus on the emergence of socio-environmental conflicts around urban-real estate extractivism, since these narratives are deployed by the social actors involved. 
The key of analysis from which to read these conflicts is the field of American political ecology and with contributions from critical geography and sociology. For the understanding and analysis of socio-environmental conflicts I use the methodology proposed by Merlinsky (2013), for which I make a historical journey that begins in the mid-1990s, when the first controversies are recorded in the public spheres in the Partido de Tigre; from the systematization the emblematic cases with their dynamics and main milestones have been determined

By Sofía Astelarra

2024-05-13 Original
Entrepreneurial culture in students and graduates of the CUN university, Neiva headquarters

Higher education institutions play an important role in the construction of knowledge, economic activation and the promotion of entrepreneurship, globalization requires that Universities articulate strategies with the state and the company, this in order to join forces to promote initiatives that contribute to strengthening the economies of the regions. In the case of the department of Huila, the different institutions, the Chamber of Commerce, the Mayor's Office of Neiva, the Government, companies, public and private universities meet in work groups to build a business ecosystem that allows strengthening the productive units and in this way contribute to employment generation

This article is built thanks to the cooperation of students and graduates of the national unified corporation of higher education CUN regional Neiva, these entrepreneurs have developed entrepreneurial ideas addressing different economic activities. Carrying out fieldwork within their organizations allowed for a perfect understanding of the entrepreneurial culture they develop in their daily lives.

The developed research aims to characterize and identify the business realities presented by students and graduates. The enterprises selected in a large percentage are legally constituted, but informal enterprises were also selected in the sample, this facilitated the understanding of the role that the CUN plays in the management of entrepreneurship, the description of the entrepreneurial culture will allow the university to strengthen its role. in promoting entrepreneurship and identifying shortcomings in academic training

By García Peñaloza John Edisson Johanna Luceni Loaiza Vera Norma Constanza García Peñaloza

2024-05-13 Original
Nursing role in the care of a patient with threatened abortion in the obstetrics and gynecology service of a hospital

The threat of abortion is an alert with vaginal bleeding in the first twenty weeks, accompanied by physical and emotional suffering. The common complication is mild to severe anemia. There are no preventive measures to avoid it, so prenatal control is important so that the pregnancy is viable. In order to know the role of nursing in the care of patients with threatened abortion, a qualitative study was carried out, with a single clinical case design based on the Nursing Care Process method, applying as an instrument the evaluation guide of Marjory Gordon to a 22-year-old patient. 10 nursing diagnoses were identified, prioritizing the diagnosis: (00221) Ineffective maternity process r/c with insufficient prenatal care and inadequate maternal nutrition m/p inadequate prenatal management, ineffective management of bothersome symptoms during pregnancy and prenatal lifestyle inappropriate. The interventions carried out were satisfactory, since the patient improved the maternity process. Given the problem of hemorrhage complication, the results are still indefinite due to the few hours of intervention and evaluation. It is concluded that the role of nursing is essential in the assessment of pregnant women with threatened abortion; Knowing its evolution allowed administering care to resolve the process of ineffective motherhood and prioritizing individualized nursing care in the prevention of hemorrhage in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. In addition, in order to improve the skills of the nursing professional, NANDA I, NOC, NIC, and collaboration problems were used

By Marcela F. Monzón-Murillo Sofía D. Vivanco-Hilario Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-05-13 Original
Nursing process for a patient with ectopic pregnancy in the Gynecology Department of a hospital in Arequipa

Introduction: Ectopic Pregnancy is the implantation and subsequent development of the fertilized ovum outside the endometrial cavity, with greater prevalence in the uterine tubes.
Tubal rupture and hemorrhage causes morbimortality and is considered a true medical emergency. Objective: To elaborate the nursing care process oriented to a patient with ectopic pregnancy. Methodology: This is a descriptive qualitative research work, with a single case design, aimed at a 35-year-old patient. The Nursing Care Process was used, applying Margory Gordon's functional patterns as an assessment instrument. Result: 6 nursing diagnoses were identified, prioritizing the main diagnosis: Acute pain r/c biological injury agent manifested by verbal expressions and VAS scale 10/8. Nursing interventions were applied with effective result achieving improvement with change score +2; before PC extrauterine pregnancy and Shock CR are still in the process of improvement. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of an ectopic pregnancy were identified in the patient; the complication risk factors were determined and the nursing role was described by applying preventive care in hypovolemic shock. Collaborative problems and risks were identified and addressed through the nursing interventions and activities included in the EAP for ectopic pregnancy, achieving better health status

By Olivia E. Pulcha-Llerena Sofía D. Vivanco-Hilario Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-05-13 Original
Nursing care in threatened preterm labor in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of a hospital

The threat of preterm labor, a pathology endangering the lives of both mother and baby, affects one in ten births and is a serious public health issue. This research aimed to manage the nursing care process for a 35-year-old pregnant woman with a threat of preterm labor, using a purely qualitative approach in a single case study, applying the five stages of the nursing care process. In the assessment stage, Maryori Gordon's 11 functional patterns guide was used, identifying 10 nursing diagnoses based on NANDA-I Taxonomy II, prioritizing: labor pain, risk of maternal/fetal dyad alteration, and infection control. The care plan was developed using NOC and NIC classifications. During the implementation stage, nursing care focused on pain management, prenatal fetal status, and infection control. These were evaluated by comparing baseline scores with achievement scores, resulting in an updated care plan with changes scored at +1, 0, and +2. In conclusion, the nursing care process was managed, providing quality and humanized care to the patient

By Ruth N Bueno-Huaman Carmen Villanueva-Sanchez Sofía D. Vivanco-Hilario Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-05-13 Original
Socioeconomic Context, Evolution and Strategic Direction of the Benito Salas Vargas Airport

From the socioeconomic point of view, the Benito Salas Airport is vital for the economic and tourist development of the region. Airports are not just gateways for tourists, but also bases for corporate and government activities.
The Department of Huila is one of the main coffee-producing regions of Colombia, and the Benito Salas Airport has played an important role not only in the export of this coffee product, but also in the import of raw materials and agricultural machinery. In addition, the airport also served to connect the region with other major cities.
There is little interest on the part of the public entity to optimize the services and coverage that the airport presents, the purpose of the research is to draw a route that allows the airport leadership to project itself to the needs and characteristics demanded by the current market. From the readings that are projected, it is necessary to have an airport that allows progress and development plans

By John Edisson García Peñaloza Zinaida Leonor Vergara Ramírez Johanna Luceni Loaiza Vera Norma Constanza García Peñaloza

2024-05-13 Original
Deindustrialization: efficiency and local development

This article addresses deindustrialization by examining its causes and effects within the context of efficiency and local development. The aim is to analyze how this phenomenon impacts regional economies and to determine effective strategies to mitigate its negative effects. The methodology used is qualitative, based on an exhaustive bibliographic review that allows for a deep understanding of the various aspects and dynamics of deindustrialization. The findings reveal that, although deindustrialization results from changes in the global economic structure, regions that effectively adapt their economic policies can lessen its adverse effects and strengthen their economic development. The main conclusion of the study highlights the importance of implementing policies that promote industrial efficiency and local development through investments in human capital, innovation, and infrastructure as fundamental means to revitalize impacted areas and ensure sustainable economic growth

By Francisco Javier García García Daniel Roman-Acosta

2024-05-13 Original
Disclosure, recognition and importance of intangible assets as factors of business success

This research is conducted to highlight the importance of intangible assets within companies; thus, this document explores the relevance of intangible assets within firms in a context of increasing globalization and market competitiveness. These assets are identified as crucial for business success, with an emphasis on knowledge management, intellectual capital, and innovation. Using a descriptive methodology, the research relies on an extensive bibliographic review of intangible assets to consolidate common perspectives about their impact and management within organizations. The findings underscore the critical importance of proper management of intangibles, which not only enhances competitiveness but also facilitates long-term business sustainability. This study emphasizes that intangible assets, such as relational capital and innovation capability, are key differentiators that must be strategically integrated into business practices to foster a lasting competitive advantage

By Ana Sofía Cardenas Francisco Javier García García Jose Rolando García Moreno

2024-05-13 Original
Determination of cost accounting factors for asphalt mix production pricing

In the asphalt mixture production sector, companies often lack adequate systems for precise cost calculation, which is crucial for setting competitive and profitable prices. This article aims to develop a tool that improves cost accounting and the determination of the selling price in these companies. A qualitative methodology was adopted, analyzing information from academic sources and data from the Antonio Nariño University to adapt it to the specific problems of the sector. The results indicate that implementing a detailed cost system facilitates better financial management and strategic decision-making. The most relevant conclusion of the study is that a well-structured cost system not only optimizes price setting but also enhances business sustainability and competitiveness in the market

By Yenny Carolina Mejía García Ricardo Elías Celis Parra

2024-05-27 Original
Harnessing Morocco's Renewable Potential: Wind and Solar Energy Development

The transition of Morocco to sustainable energy production represents a paradigm shift in the global energy landscape. This article explores the central role of wind power and photovoltaics (PV) in Morocco's development agenda, focusing on their contributions to economic growth, environmental sustainability, and energy security. By harnessing its abundant natural resources, Morocco has established itself as a leader in renewable energies, taking advantage of its vast coastline and sunny landscapes to foster the expansion of wind and solar energy infrastructures

By Benchikh Salma Jarou Tarik Lamrani Roa

2024-05-27 Original
Enhancing renewable energy systems with advanced artificial intelligence solutions

As the global community increasingly prioritizes sustainability, the transition to renewable energy sources becomes paramount. However, the integration of renewables, such as solar and wind power, into existing energy infrastructures faces significant challenges due to their inherent variability and intermittency. Despite these obstacles, artificial intelligence (AI) offers a transformative solution. This article explores the multifaceted role of AI in addressing the complexities of renewable energy integration. From predictive analytics to optimize renewable energy generation to smart grid technologies that enhance grid stability, AI holds the key to unlocking the full potential of sustainable energy. By examining the intersection of AI and renewable energy integration, this article illuminates how innovative technologies can drive the global shift towards a more sustainable energy paradigm

By Benchikh Salma Jarou Tarik Lamrani Roa

2024-05-27 Original
Maximizing Solar Harvest: Comparing P&O and Incremental Conductance MPPT Methods

This paper presents a comprehensive comparative study between two prominent Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) algorithms: the Perturb and Observe (P&O) method and the Incremental Conductance method (IC). The study delves into their operational principles, efficiency, robustness, implementation complexity, response time, and sensitivity to parameter changes. Through theoretical analysis and numerical simulations, the strengths and limitations of each algorithm are thoroughly assessed, offering valuable insights for optimizing photovoltaic (PV) systems. These simulations utilize established mathematical models of PV systems and MPPT algorithms. The findings reveal nuanced differences between the P&O and Incremental Conductance methods. Incremental Conductance demonstrates superior efficiency, particularly in environments with dynamic irradiance levels and partial shading conditions, owing to its ability to dynamically adjust the operating point. However, it exhibits increased implementation complexity compared to the simpler and more robust P&O method. In conclusion, this comparative study offers valuable insights into MPPT algorithm optimization for PV systems. While Incremental Conductance excels in efficiency and adaptability, P&O remains a viable option for applications with limited computational resources or stable environmental conditions due to its simplicity and robustness

By Benchikh Salma Jarou Tarik Lamrani Roa

2024-05-27 Original
Gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in beers and ground water samples from selected breweries in nigeria and their potential radiological hazards

Background: Ingestion of radionuclides via beer products may predispose consumers to radiological health hazards. This study aimed to determine the gross alpha and beta activity concentrations in beers and ground water samples in selected breweries in Nigeria and their potential radiological hazards.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with some selected beer and ground water samples collected from fourteen (14) different sampled brewery locations in Nigeria. Fifteen (15) ml/L of 1 mol/dm3 of concentrated Trioxonitrate (v) acid (HNO3) was added into each keg of ground water sample immediately after collection from each brewery sites to preserve the in situ radionuclides from being adsorbed on the keg wall. No sample preparation was required for beer samples. Further sample preparation and analysis were carried out at Radiation Protection Institute, Ghana Atomic Energy Commission, Accra, Ghana (Test number: N4 and N5). Method 900 of the US Environmental Protection Agency was applied and Canberra iMaticTM Automatic low background gas-filled counter was employed to determine the mean values of Gα and β RAC in both beer and ground water samples. 
Results: Mean values obtained for Gα and β RAC in beer and some ground water samples were apparently safe for consumption across all breweries sites in Nigeria in line with the recommended safe limits (0.1 Bq/L for Gα RAC and 1.0 Bq/L for Gβ RAC for water) by World Health Organization (WHO). Kaduna (Kakuri) and (Kudenda) sites both in Northern Nigeria recorded the highest mean GαRAC (0.0387Bq/L) and Gβ RAC (0.0892±0.123) respectively in beer samples.  Port Harcourt (Oginigba) site in southern Nigeria recorded the least mean Gα and β RAC (0.0009Bq/L and 0.0076Bq/L) in beer samples. Gα RAC in water samples from mostof the brewery sites were relatively high. Imo (Awo-omama) site recorded the highest Gα RAC (0.9330Bq/L) while Onitsha site recorded the highest value of Gβ RAC (0.694Bq/L). Port Harcourt (Oginigba) as usual maintained the least Gβ RAC (0.0064Bq/L). 
Conclusion: Gα and Gβ RAC from beer samples across all the breweries in Nigeria were within WHO recommendation. However, water samples across most of the brewery sites in Nigeria were higher than the WHO recommendation and therefore may potentially pose radiological health hazards (Stochastic effects) on consumers

By V.K Nwodo G. Luntsi M. Dambele D.Z. Joseph U. Abubakar N.O. Egbe M.P. Ogolodom M.C.Okeji D.C.Ugwuanyi I.C.Ezenma F.O. Erondu H.U Chiegwu C.C. Nzotta M. Abubakar

2024-04-03 Original
Clinical and genetic characterization of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Introduction: people with disabilities represent around 10% of the population. The most common of the muscular dystrophies is Duchenne, a recessive X-linked disorder that affects 1 in 3,500 males. Objectives: characterize the clinical and genetic findings of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Methods: an observational and descriptive study was carried out in a series of 9 patients evaluated at the Department of Medical Genetics of Pinar del Río, Cuba in the period from January 2014 to December 2023. Results: 78% of the total cases were diagnosed between 5 and 8 years of age, in 66.6% of the patients a family history of the disease was reported. Delayed psychomotor development and gastrocnemius pseudohypertrophy were highlighted in 100% of cases followed by gait disturbance, Gowers sign and hyporeflexia in 88.8% of patients. In 77.7% of the patients, deletion-type mutations were identified in some of the exons analyzed. Conclusions: The clinical and molecular characterization of the disease allows the diagnosis to be made and subsequently provides tools to primary care professionals to provide assistance, coordinate care with appropriate specialists, provide genetic counseling not only to the index case but also to the families to screen for female carriers.

By Deysi Licourt Otero Melissa Toledo Licourt

2024-04-03 Original
Congenital Myotonic Dystrophy type 1: prenatal manifestations regarding a case

Introductions: myotonic dystrophy type 1 is a genetic disorder with great clinical variability in which there is a positive association between the number or size of the cytosine, thymine, guanine triplet repeats and the severity of the manifestations. The disorder exhibits an intergenerational anticipation phenomenon that explains the earlier age of onset of signs and the greater expression of clinical signs. Objetive: to describe the prenatal manifestations of myotonic dystrophy type 1.  Clinical case: 22-year-old female patient with a diagnosis of DM1 since she was 6 years old and with a family history of the disorder through the mother's line who came to the clinic with a 22-week pregnancy. Multiple signs were reported when performing prenatal fetal ultrasonography due to: presentation maintained in the pelvic region, slight ventriculomegaly, lower limbs extended and with ventral flexion on the trunk as well as both equinus feet. The birth occurred with a gestation period of 33.6 weeks, the Apgar test was 3-3-3, birth weight 2450 gr. Conclusions: the severity of the congenital form of myotonic dystrophy type 1 requires close monitoring by a multidisciplinary team that extends from the preconception stage, to detect the possible complications described that worsen the quality of life of patients and their families, and may even to the death of both the mother and the newborn, especially during the first year of life.

By Deysi Licourt Otero Melissa Toledo Licourt Belkys Candelaria Gómez Ilena Aurora Díaz Hernández

2024-04-04 Original
Administrative management and user satisfaction of tele-consultation in a FEBAN polyclinic in Lima

The current study had the purpose of determining the relationship that exists between administrative management and user satisfaction of teleconsultation in a FEBAN Polyclinic in Lima, 2022. The quantitative approach and correlational, non-experimental design, applied to a study population where A total of 150 users participated. Likewise, the instrument used to evaluate the Administrative Management dimension, the instrument prepared by Fenco (2021) entitled: "Administrative Management Questionnaire", the same one that was submitted to validation, obtaining a reliability by Cronbach's Alpha of 0.948, has been chosen. and the instrument used to evaluate the user satisfaction variable was developed by Fenco (2021). A reliability of .975 was reached in Cronbach's Alpha, which shows stability to be able to be applied to the population of this study. It was concluded that there is a statistically significant relationship with the administrative management and the satisfaction of the teleconsultation user and the result of a moderate, positive and direct correlation and a (rho) of 0.580 and a significance value of less than 5%.

By Carlos Enrique Hugo Soto Edgar Aleksej Vega Lizarme

2024-04-04 Original
Relationship Marketing and customer loyalty in the company Saga Falabella S.A. Cusco

The objective of this research article was to determine the relationship between relationship marketing and customer loyalty in the company Saga Falabella S.A, Cusco, 2022. The methodology used corresponded to a type of quantitative research, whose approach was correlational, from Non-experimental and cross -sectional design, with 350 clients of the company as participants, which has a branch in the city of Cusco. As a data collection instrument, the survey was used, where its characteristics were described within the article, in its entirety two questionnaires corresponding to relationship marketing and customer loyalty. When executing the questionnaires, it was concluded that the existence of a moderate significant relationship with a sig is prolonged. 0.000 and a Pearson's r of 0.68, thus understanding that as long as correct relationship marketing is handled, customer loyalty will also be achieved. Translating this context to the company, it is understood that as long as the correct marketing strategies are executed and they maintain a constant relationship with it, the company will gain a loyal customer. Its function is to identify what the client calls attention to.

By Silvia Aydee Huittoccollo Huirse Julio Cesar Abarca Panique

2024-04-04 Original
Relationship marketing and customer loyalty at cineplanet and cinemark, Lima

The purpose of this research was to determine the relationship that exists between relationship marketing and customer loyalty of cineplanet and cinemark, Lima 2021. The research methodology under a quantitative approach corresponds to a non-experimental and cross-sectional design, correlational study, to determine the relationship of the variables. There was a sample of 300 clients from a population of 1,345 through non-probabilistic convenience sampling. Survey technique was used to administer the questionnaires. The result was that there is a correlation between relationship marketing and customer loyalty (r=0.807; p=0.000), demonstrating that relationship practices promote and favor customer retention in the service. Likewise, loyalty is also correlated with the dimensions of relationship marketing, with commitment being the most significant (r=0.763; p=0.000), favoring the success of future relationships. It is concluded that applying relationship marketing strategies can increase loyalty levels.

By Cristhian Alva Emili Flores Jhosselyn Raymundo

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing care in post cesarean section due to preeclampsia

Cesarean section is the surgical procedure that consists of the removal of the fetus in a rapid and timely manner that is given as a treatment to the patient with mild pre-eclampsia, to avoid complications such as maternal fetal morbidity and mortality, seizures, postpartum eclampsia, pulmonary edema, cerebrovascular accident, HELLP syndrome, among others. So a human care with quality and warmth was applied contemplating scientific knowledge.
The objective is to administer a process of care intervention for a post-cesarean patient due to preeclampsia in the post-anesthetic recovery unit.
The study is qualitative, unique clinical case type, which includes a 35-year-old patient, for which the Nursing Care Process was used in its five stages: assessment, diagnosis, planning. Execution and evaluation of the results was done according to the difference of the final and baseline scores respectively.
8 altered patterns were identified and three were prioritized: pattern VI: cognitive-perceptual, pattern VII: self-perception-self-concept, pattern I: perception-health management, critical analysis allowed the identification of 8 diagnoses; being prioritized: acute pain, anxiety and risk of infection, according to the SSPFR format (signs and symptoms, problem and related factor) the evaluation was made according to the difference in final and baseline scores corresponding to +2, +3, +2 .
We conclude that according to the problems identified, the nursing care program was administered in its five stages, however, it should be noted that the success of the nursing treatment depends on the timely identification of the problems and adequate treatment.
Key words: nursing care, post-cesarean delivery, pre-eclampsia

By Yolanda S. Gutierrez-Prieto María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Care of the postpartum patient after premature rupture of membranes

Introduction: According to the World Health Organization, premature rupture of membranes (PROM) represents between 8 and 10% of pregnancies, being common the conclusion of the same in a cesarean section, through which the fetus is extracted through the abdominal route, this can generate complications such as acute postoperative pain in the incision area. Objective: To expose the nursing care in a post-cesarean patient due to PROM. Methodology: Qualitative clinical case research, represented by a 31-year-old patient selected for convenience. The assessment method is the nursing care process and the data collection instrument is constituted by the 11 patterns of Marjory Gordon. Results: Eight nursing diagnoses were identified, of which acute pain R/C, physical injurious agent (surgical procedure) secondary to severe oligohydramnios and/or operative wound, gesture of pain, VAS 8 was selected as the main one. From the main diagnosis , nursing interventions were proposed taking into account the NOC and NIC taxonomy. Likewise, the main CR, uterine atony, still has no clear results, since the risk will continue in the following hours. Conclusions: Nursing care had a favorable effect on altered functional patterns, achieving an optimal score according to the NANDA, NIC and NOC taxonomy. However, the patient remains hospitalized to continue providing nursing care, favoring the recovery of her health. However, the outcome of the interventions in the main CR remains to be determined

By Maruja Morales-Amao Yaquilina Morales-Romaní María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing role in the care of patients with threatened abortion in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department

Threatened abortion is an alert with vaginal bleeding in the first 20 weeks, accompanied by physical and spiritual suffering. The common complication is mild to severe anemia. There are no preventive measures to avoid it, prenatal control is important so that the pregnancy is viable, with the aim of knowing the role of nursing in the care of patients with threatened abortion. A qualitative study was carried out, with a single clinical case design based on the Nursing Care Process method, applying the Marjory Gordon assessment guide to a 22-year-old patient as an instrument. 10 nursing diagnoses were identified, prioritizing the diagnosis: (00221) Ineffective maternity process r/c with insufficient prenatal care and inadequate maternal nutrition m/p inadequate prenatal management, ineffective management of bothersome symptoms during pregnancy and prenatal lifestyle inappropriate. The interventions carried out were satisfactory, the patient improved the maternity process; before the Complication Problem of hemorrhage the results are still indefinite due to the few hours of intervention and evaluation. The role of nursing is fundamental in the assessment of pregnant women with threatened abortion, knowing their evolution allowed administering care to resolve the process of ineffective motherhood and prioritizing individualized nursing care in the prevention of hemorrhage in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy. in order to improve the skills of the nursing professional using NANDA I, NOC and NIC, and collaboration problems

By Marcela F. Monzón-Murillo Sofía D. Vivanco-Hilario María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Role of nursing in the care of the patient with respiratory failure

Introduction: Respiratory failure is a pathological condition, it originates when the lungs are not able to eliminate the accumulation of carbon dioxide, impairing oxygenation in the blood, decreasing oxygen supply to tissues and even causing death. Objective: To describe the role of nursing in the care of patients with acute respiratory failure in the Pediatric Emergency Department of a hospital in Lima, in order to avoid prolonged hospital, stay and the complications that may arise from the process. Methodology: A qualitative study was carried out, with a single clinical case design, based on the Nursing Care Process (PAE) method, the instrument used was a Marjory Gordon functional pattern assessment guide, in a 4-year-old patient. The assessment was carried out in detail and then the nursing diagnoses according to NANDA were enunciated, then the care plans were prepared with the corresponding objectives and interventions and finally the evaluation was carried out. Results: 8 nursing diagnoses were identified, priority was given to the diagnosis: ineffective respiratory pattern r/c respiratory muscle fatigue e/p dyspnea, tachypnea, nasal flaring, the interventions performed were satisfactory, the patient's respiratory pattern improved, however, the results of the sepsis CP are still undefined due to the few hours of care and intervention

By Chávez G. Hilda-Lucila Lenny Y.Ureta-Rios Alicia Ponce-Valencia María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Post-cessation interventions for preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is characterized by high blood pressure associated with proteinuria or hypertension with or without proteinuria, it can complicate pregnancy affecting multiple organs and systems, being a high risk for the mother and fetus. They generally conclude in abdominal surgical delivery called cesarean section, which leads to various alterations in the patient's health. Objective: Expose the nursing interventions in the maintenance of tissue perfusion in post-cesarean patients due to preeclampsia.. Methodology: Study qualitative clinical case, 15-year-old patient selected for convenience; In which the Nursing Care Process (PAE) was applied as a methodology and the data collection instrument was the assessment sheet according to the eleven functional patterns of Marjory Gordon. Results: Twelve nursing diagnoses were recognized, among them the main diagnosis was prioritized: ineffective tissue perfusion associated with M / P hypertension, alteration of skin characteristics and edema. Therefore, scientifically supported nursing interventions were planned that achieved favorable results in the patient. With regard to the main CR, malignant hypertension, an adequate health condition has been maintained but the risk remains in the following hours. Conclusions: The clinical condition of the post-cesarean patient with preeclampsia and eclampsia was identified, considering nursing interventions according to standardized diagnoses, achieving favorable results. The patient is being cared for because the risk of malignant hypertension persists

By Lucy Luya-Castro Johanna Santiago-Rodriguez María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing interventions in post cesarean delivery for severe preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy, it begins after 20 weeks of gestation and is characterized by high blood pressure and multisystem damage, frequently to the liver and kidneys. Cesarean section is a surgical procedure in which an incision is made in the mother's abdomen and uterus to remove one or more babies. 
               Objective To expose the role of nursing in the care of patients with severe pre-eclampsia from the perspective of Marjory Gordon's functional patterns. The study methodology was qualitative, single case type, it included a 28-year-old patient, the 11 functional patterns of Marjory Gordon were used for the evaluation of the data collected from the clinical history, interview and physical examination. By identifying the main human responses to analyze objective and subjective data, clinical judgments are finally made to implement care plans under the NANDA, NOC, NIC taxonomy. 
                 And the results are evaluated based on the difference between the final score and the initial score. As a result of the administered interventions, a change score according to the area model of 2 to 4 and a difference of +2 was obtained, which subsequently improved with care attention. It is concluded that according to the problems identified in the patient, care was managed based on the altered patterns, obtaining improvement in the patient and recovery of her health since it allowed identifying potential and real problems, and thus being able to address in the treatment of the same from a holistic, comprehensive and timely approach

By Patricia Ramírez-Azparrent Gladis J. Ramírez-Panduro María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Postpartum nursing care for premature rupture of membranes

Abstract
Introduction: Cesarean section is a surgical technique through an incision in the abdominal and uterine wall, before an unfeasible vaginal delivery or if there is maternal or fetal risk. The risk of bleeding in surgeries such as caesarean section does not allow early ambulation to begin, so it will be dependent on the care of the nurse. Objective: To recognize the role of nursing in the management of acute pain and uterine atony in a post-cesarean patient due to premature rupture of membranes in a National Hospital of Ayacucho, 2021. Methodology: Qualitative clinical case study, 29-year-old patient selected for convenience ; in which the Nursing Care Process (PAE) was applied as a methodology and the data collection instrument was the assessment sheet according to the eleven functional patterns of Marjory Gordon. Results: Nine nursing diagnoses have been identified, of which, through the AREA model, acute pain related to injury by physical agent has been prioritized: operative wound. Nursing interventions were carried out according to the NOC and NIC taxonomy, obtaining favorable results for the patient. Regarding the risk of complication, uterine atony, it is not yet possible to specify the results since the risk will continue in the coming days. Conclusions: The identification of the clinical aspects of the post-cesarean patient due to premature rupture of membranes was carried out, the interventions achieved favorable results in the patient. However, care is still continued due to the risk of uterine atony and, consequently, postpartum hemorrhage

By Nancy Aquino-Risco María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Care of post-placenta praevia patients in the post anesthesia recovery department of a private clinic, 2021

Cesarean section is a surgical procedure performed on the mother's abdomen and uterus to remove the pregnancy product. Placenta previa is a major obstetric complication that occurs in the second half of pregnancy and endangers the life of both the mother and the fetus; cesarean section is the treatment of choice. Timely nursing care helps patients recover quickly and avoid serious complications. The objective is to identify the needs of the patient and manage the nursing treatment for the resolution of the registered problems. Qualitative study, single clinical case type, included a 37-year-old patient. The stages of the nursing care process were followed: assessment, with a framework validated by professionals in the area, formulation of diagnoses and planning of nursing care according to the NANDA, NOC, NIC taxonomy. The evaluation of the results was obtained by the difference in final and baseline scores. Nine altered patterns were found; Three patterns were prioritized: sexuality, reproduction, cognitive perceptual, adaptation, tolerance to the situation and stress. Seven nursing diagnoses were identified, the diagnoses were prioritized: risk of bleeding, acute pain and anxiety based on the SSPFR format (signs and symptoms, problem and related factor); the change score was +1, +2, +2, +2, +3. It is concluded that according to the needs attended to in the patient, the nursing care process was developed in its five stages, allowing to provide quality care to the patient; therefore, it is explained that timely care and adequate treatment would shorten the recovery process

By Agata S. Ibañez-Asto María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Interventions in newborns with neonatal sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit

Neonatal sepsis is a clinical syndrome caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses, characterized by signs and symptoms of a systemic infection that appears within 28 days of life and is the reason for hospitalization of the patient. Through the nursing care methodology, quality care was managed, with safe support, favoring improvement and protecting the patient's health. The objective of this work was to apply the nursing care process to a newborn with neonatal sepsis based on the 11 functional patterns of Maryori Gordon. Qualitative study, a single type of case, which includes a neonate in critical condition, where all phases of the care process are observed: the assessment is carried out within the framework of expert validation, the diagnosis and planning are carried out considering the NOC, NIC, NANDA classification and again the performance and evaluation are determined by the difference between the final score and the respective bases. Six forms of change were found, of which three were prioritized: active exercise, elimination, and metabolic nutrition. Eleven nursing diagnoses were also identified, of which three were prioritized: gas exchange alteration, hydroelectrolyte balance alteration and risk of nutritional imbalance: less than the body requirements according to the SSPFR format (symptoms, signs, problems, associated factors/ risk factors /connected); after care, change scores of +1, 0, and +1 were obtained. It was concluded that after recognizing the real and potential problems of the patient, five phases of the care process were developed, which lead to the stabilization of the patient, for which the success of the care was based on the timely identification of the patient's problems, needs, and implementation of treatment

By Rebeca López-Calderón Mariela Velarde-Ocharán María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Post cesarean patient care for severe preeclampsia and Covid-19

Cesarean section is a type of surgical procedure in which an incision is made in the mother's abdomen and uterus to remove one or more babies. Preeclampsia usually begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy in a woman with normal blood pressure. This work is the development of the nursing care process (PAE), as a tool to provide timely and effective care for the recovery of the patient.  The objective of this study was to apply the Nursing Care Process to a post-cesarean section patient with severe pre-eclampsia, in light of the eleven functional patterns of Marjorie Gordon.
 Qualitative study, single case type, which included a 36-year-old patient selected at the convenience of the researchers. The five stages of the nursing care process were considered, it began with the comprehensive assessment of the patient where a framework validated by experts in the area was used, formulation of diagnoses and care planning according to the taxonomy of NANDA, NOC and NIC. The evaluation was obtained through the difference in final and baseline scores.  Eleven altered patterns were identified, three were prioritized: cognitive perceptual, tolerance to situations and stress and metabolic nutritional. Eight nursing diagnoses were identified; Three were prioritized: Acute pain, Anxiety and Fluid volume deficiency, based on the SSPFR format (signs and symptoms, problem and related factor); change score of +2, +1 and +1 with a tendency to improve with scheduled treatments.   It is concluded that the PAE is the scientific tool that leads the nurse to carry out care plans directly and individually in the face of a specific situation in a rational, logical and systematic way, however, survival and treatment success lies in timely detection of problems and their treatment

By Nilda L.Chávez-Raraa Katia M. Urrunaga Ochoa María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing interventions in patients with hysterectomy due to uterine atony

Uterine Atony is an inability of the uterine muscle to perform contractions, due to various factors, it is considered a more common obstetric emergency and is related to the presence of unstable hemodynamics and hypovolemic shock, which can lead to a hysterectomy, it is a surgical procedure where the uterus and cervix are removed through an abdominal incision, this procedure is performed to safeguard the patient's quality of life.
To describe the nursing intervention in a post-operated user of hysterectomy due to uterine atony in the Gynecology service of a hospital in Ayacucho. A qualitative study was carried out, with a single clinical case design that is recorded in the Nursing Care Process (PAE) method, applying the Marjory Gordon functional pattern assessment record to a 31-year-old user as an instrument.
The clinical characteristics of the patient corresponding to uterine atony and the risk factors that increase possible complications of hysterectomy were identified. For this reason, it is important to apply effective preventive measures and care against the risk of transvaginal hemorrhage in post-operated hysterectomy users for uterine atony. All framed in the nursing process that identified the main problems and risks in an individualized care plan that allowed providing timely and quality care that improved the patient's Meath status

By Gómez Tineo-Doris Jimena Kivvet Medina V. María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Brain tumor postoperative nursing

Invasive mechanical ventilation is one of the methods most used in intensive care units, which leads to a process of quitting it, which is known as weaning.
In this document, a standardized care plan was made, using the methodology of the nursing process, where an adequate protocol for patient care has been established and that represents a useful tool for the health professional and facilitates safe, quality care, based on evidence. Objective : to describe the assessment performed on the patient to determine the main diagnosis "Dysfunctional ventilatory response to weaning r / c history of ventilator dependence 3 days m / p increase in heart rate compared to baseline". Discussion : in general, most of the evidence, the authors agree with the results and conclusions : Synthesizing the resolution of the case coincides in their daily practice with the scientific evidence found, both weaning from mechanical ventilation and its complications, some of them performed each. The role of the nurse is essential for patient care, reducing the risk of complications in the removal of the ventilator

By Muñoz S. Violeta-Luz Euribe S. Maria Teresa Ponce Valencia-Alicia María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing care in patients with severe preeclampsia


Introduction: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy and postpartum complication characterized by high blood pressure, being one of the most important public health problems; multisystem pathology of great variable severity, which may not present symptoms at the beginning; however, it can cause serious and even fatal complications for the mother and fetus. Objectives: To know the nursing care in patients with severe preeclampsia. Methodology: Qualitative study, with a single case design based on the nursing care process method, applying the functional pattern assessment guide according to Marjorie Gordon to a 34-year-old primiparous pregnant woman with data from the clinical history, the interview, physical examination, and taxonomies (NANDA, NOC, NIC) that were used to formulate care plans. Results: 9 nursing diagnoses with altered patterns were found, only one main diagnosis was prioritized: ineffective peripheral tissue perfusion r/c insufficient knowledge of the disease process with a problem associated with hypertension evidenced by edema, were the interventions performed satisfactory in the pregnant woman, before the CP gestational hypertension and the CR malignant hypertension, being the results defined by the time of intervention and evaluation. Discussion: To conclude as specialist professionals we must make a good assessment and avoid any risk of complications in the pregnant woman. Due to the care provided in the gynecological emergency to the maternal-fetal binomial, a progressive evolution is observed with the preparation to be referred to the operating room. Conclusions: Nursing care in clinical practice is very important when applying the nursing process that strengthens the autonomy of nursing in patients with severe preeclampsia, since the professional specialist in obstetrics and gynecology provides quality standards

By Nancy Espiritu-Gozar Flor M. Heredia-Garay María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing care in a patient with hysterectomy for cervical cancer

Introduction: Cervical cancer continues to be the leading cause of death worldwide for many women, this type of cancer does not start suddenly, but has a previous evolution from precursor or precancerous lesions, the diagnosis is made in advanced stages of the disease, decreasing or canceling the chances of curative treatment. It is expected that by the year 2032 there will be 21.4 million new patients dealing with this disease in the world. Objective: To develop specialized and individualized comprehensive nursing care in patients with cervical cancer, based on scientific evidence recommendations and interventions. We present the assessment of a post-operative hysterectomy patient for cervical cancer where the nursing care process is applied. Methodology: A clinical case study, a 44-year-old patient was selected for convenience, applying the methodology of the nursing care process, the assessment was made through the 11 functional patterns of Marjory Gordon, the data were obtained from the clinical history, interview and physical examination of the patient. The main human responses are identified to analyze objective and subjective data, clinical judgments are made to implement care plans under the NANDA, NOC, NIC taxonomy. Results: 7 altered patterns were identified; considering as main diagnosis: acute pain and risk of complication; hemorrhage. Nursing care plans were implemented according to the Area model. A change score of +1 and +2 was obtained, which subsequently improved with nursing care. Conclusions: after the surgical procedure; According to the altered patterns, the nursing care process was carried out, observing improvement in the altered patterns, however, the patient remained hospitalized to continue with the specialized therapeutic plans, this implies that the gynecological-obstetric service must have professionals in nursing specialized in this area

By Deny Corvera-Carhuapuma María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing care in complicated ectopic pregnancy

Introduction: Ectopic pregnancy is the implantation of the embryo that occurs outside the endometrial lining of the uterine cavity: in the fallopian tube, the uterine interstitium, the cervix, the ovary or the abdominal or pelvic cavity. Ectopic pregnancies are also known as tubal pregnancies, these in turn can cause an acute abdomen with vital compromise of the patient if not intervened in a timely manner. Objectives: To describe nursing care in complicated ectopic pregnancy. Methodology: A qualitative study was carried out, with a unique clinical case design based on the Nursing Care process (PAE), applying Maryori Gordon's functional pattern assessment guide as an instrument to a 34-year-old obstetric patient. Results: 7 nursing diagnoses were identified, of which the diagnosis was prioritized. Acute pain r/c physical injurious agents’ m/p facial expression of pain, expressive behavior. The interventions performed were satisfactory, the patient was able to reduce the intensity of pain; however, in the case of hemorrhage, the results are still indefinite due to the few hours of intervention and evaluation. Conclusions: The clinical characteristics of the patient corresponding to complicated ectopic pregnancy and the risk factors that increase possible complications were identified. The care was administered observing improvement in the altered patterns, all framed in the nursing process and thus allowing us to provide timely and quality care

By Maybee Cayanchira-Domínguez Lic. Iveth S. Sicha-Cueto María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing care process for a patient with primary Ewing's Sarcoma of the dorsal spine in the Emergency Department of the Institute of Neoplastic Diseases

The present study is the result of the application of the nursing care process to a patient with a medical diagnosis of primary Ewing's Sarcoma of the dorsal spine, in the Emergency Department of a Neoplastic Diseases Hospital, patient identified as A.J.F.G. During the 2 days in which nursing care was provided, 11 nursing diagnoses were identified, of which 5 were prioritized: acute pain; deterioration of physical mobility; deterioration of skin integrity; nutritional imbalance; lower than body needs and anxiety. The general objectives proposed were: patient will reduce pain, patient will be mobilized in bed, patient will recover skin integrity, patient will present adequate nutrition and patient will reduce anxiety. The method used in the analytical descriptive case study; as a result it was obtained: The objectives achieved were: patient presented decrease in acute pain after the administration of treatment indicated during the shift, patient is mobilized in bed with support, and the objectives partially achieved were: patient in the process of recovery of skin integrity, patient in the process of adequate nutritional balance, patient in the process of decreasing anxiety.
The following conclusions were reached: Regarding the first diagnosis, the objective was achieved through observation, use of the VAS scale, treatment is administered, patient rests.
Regarding the second diagnosis, the patient presents nutritional imbalance for which long-term care and management is necessary, a follow-up plan should be implemented with the support of the Nutrition and Social Service department through appointments to clinics and home visits made by nursing staff, as this service is not available at INEN.
Regarding the third diagnosis, there is no evidence of signs of infection, intravenous insertion catheter care is performed, change of lines according to the service protocol, antibiotic treatment is administered as indicated, the caregiver identifies signs and symptoms of infection and uses the hand-washing technique.
Regarding the fourth diagnosis, the objective is partially achieved due to the presence of LPP between III and II degree, treatment and long-term care is required, the mother is instructed on how to cure the LPP at home, achieving participation and learning.
In reference to the fifth diagnosis, the patient is mobilized every 2 to 3 hours with the help of the family member, hydrocellular patches are placed in areas at risk of LPP, the patient tolerates and collaborates

By Danitza R. Casildo-Bedon María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing interventions in patients with incomplete abortion

Introduction: Incomplete abortion is defined as the presence of placental remains or fetal residues inside the maternal uterus before 22 weeks of gestation, which manifests with pain and vaginal bleeding apart from severe complications such as hemorrhage if a surgical procedure is not performed. immediate. Objective: To expose Nursing interventions in patients with incomplete abortion. Methodology: Qualitative study type unique clinical case, which is based on the Nursing Care Process method, included a 37-year-old female patient, applied the evaluation guide by functional patterns of Marjory Gordon, NANDA taxonomy, NOC, NIC and the evaluation of results according to the difference between the final and baseline scores. Results: Nine affected patterns were found, of which six patterns were prioritized, which were: Perceived health management, Nutritional-Metabolic, Activity-Exercise, Cognitive-Perceptive, Self-perception-Self-concept and Sexuality-Reproduction. Six nursing diagnoses were identified, the main diagnosis was considered: Acute pain and risk of complication: Hemorrhage, following the Area Model. A change score of +2 and +3 was obtained, which improved after the application of care. Conclusions: Clinical manifestations and possible complications of the patient with Incomplete abortion were identified, which were pain and hemorrhage, nursing care was essential and the evolution and prognosis of the patient largely depended on them. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the skills and expertise of the professional specialist in Obstetrics and Gynecology, all to provide quality care such as executing a rapid individualized response to improve the patient's health

By Sindy De la Cruz Mansilla Lizbeth Garcia Aedo María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Nursing process in a pregnant patient with preeclampsia, based on Gordon's model

The present study was applied to a pregnant patient with a diagnosis of Pre-eclampsia who was hospitalized in the High Risk Obstetric Service (ARO) of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Preeclampsia is a complication of the third trimester of pregnancy that affects the fetal maternal dyad, the reason for the patient's admission to the service. Through the nursing care methodology, a humane care with quality and safe support was administered, favoring the recovery and health of the patient.
The objective of the present work was to apply the nursing care process to a pregnant woman with preeclampsia based on the approach of the 11 functional patterns of Maryori Gordon.
Qualitative study, single case type, which included a 25-year-old patient, in which all the stages of the Nursing Care process were followed: the assessment stage was carried out with a framework validated by experts, the elaboration stages Diagnosis and planning of nursing care was carried out taking into account the taxonomy NANADA, NOC, NIC, likewise the stages of execution and evaluation were given by the difference in final and baseline scores respectively.
Nine altered patterns were found, three were prioritized: perceptual / cognitive, sexuality, reproduction and activity / exercise, likewise nine nursing diagnoses were identified, giving priority to three of them: risk of alteration of the maternal / fetal dyad, acute pain and risk of impaired tissue perfusion ineffective, according to the SSPFR format (signs and symptoms, problem, related factor / risk factor / associated with); After the care administered, a change score of +1, +1 and +1 was obtained, subsequently improving with the care.  It is concluded that, once the problems in the patient were identified, the five stages of the Nursing Care Process were developed, obtaining as a result the recovery of health and survival of the maternal-fetal binomial, therefore we consider that the success of nursing care they are related to the timely identification of problems and the administration of adequate and timely treatment

By Elvia Hurtado-Tapia Carmela Padilla María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Care of postpartum patients with severe preeclampsia under Gordon's approach

Cesarean section is the surgical treatment in severe preeclampsia, which allows rapid access to the fetus through the abdominal cavity and is performed in emergency cases to ensure the maternal condition and complete the pregnancy in the shortest possible time, improving the quality of life and survival of the patient. Through the nursing method, a humanized care with quality and safety can be provided, contributing to the recovery of the patient's health.
The objective is to develop the nursing care process for a post-cesarean patient for preeclampsia under the approach of Marjory Gordon's functional patterns.
Qualitative study, single case type. It included a 23-year-old patient. The stages of the nursing care process were followed: assessment, with the assessment framework validated by experts in the area, formulation of diagnoses and planning of nursing care according to the NANDA, NOC, NIC taxonomy. The results were evaluated according to the difference in final and baseline scores.
Nine altered patterns were found; Three patterns were prioritized: exercise activity, adaptation-tolerance to the situation and stress and cognitive perceptual. Thirteen nursing diagnoses were identified; Three were prioritized: Risk of ineffective peripheral tissue perfusion, acute pain and anxiety, based on the SSPFR format (signs and symptoms, problem and related factor); change score of +1, +2, +2, which subsequently tends to improve with care management.
It is concluded that according to the problems identified in the patient, the nursing care process was managed in its five stages, improving the health status of the patient, but survival and the success of the treatment provided depend on the timely identification of the symptoms. problems and appropriate choice of treatment

By Julissa Burga-Gutiérrez María Teresa Cabanillas-Chavez Wilter C. Morales-García

2024-04-07 Original
Analysis of social responsibility in the financial performance of colombian companies

The study explored the relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and financial performance in Colombian companies. A comprehensive analysis of academic literature was conducted, and a survey was administered to 10 individuals from 5 different companies in Colombia. Results showed a positive association between CSR and financial performance, with 60% of the studies supporting this relationship. Additionally, the importance of CSR disclosure and the need for effective management aligned with international standards were highlighted. In the survey, it was found that the majority of companies had formal CSR policies and believed in their importance for future success. This suggests that investment in socially responsible practices can have positive impacts on both brand reputation and financial outcomes for Colombian companies. In conclusion, CSR emerges as a key factor for sustainable development in Colombian companies

By Diana Alejandra Hernández Pérez

2024-04-07 Original
Jurisprudential analysis on substitute compensation in the Departament of Caldas: Contrast between Legal Security and the right to Social Security

The substitute indemnity for the old-age pension stands as an economic benefit for the worker who failed to comply with the number of weeks required by the Law for the recognition of the old-age pension, having to profess Law 100 of 1993, erected a General Pension System divided into a medium premium regime with a defined benefit administered by the Colombian Pension Administrator – COLPENSIONES; and, an individual savings scheme with solidarity, where a group of private fund insurers proliferate.
Now, the aforementioned norm established in article 151, that the General Pension System would enter into force for public servants at the departmental, municipal and district level as of June 30, 1995 (Law 100, 1993), therefore, in advance As of that date, this charge was at the head of the social security funds of the territorial entities, finding that some of them were not affiliated to said funds or despite being, the benefit was denied when it was specified that the introduction of this benefit did not applied to such employees.
Thus, it is important from the pronouncements of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court of Justice, the contrast that is presented in the subject in question will be established, since it has been indicated by the aforementioned corporations that rights such as social security by the government of Caldas, by not recognizing the substitute compensation for employees terminated prior to June 30, 1995

By Jaime Andres Perez Cotrino Vanessa Ocampo Orozco Nezar Restrepo Zuluaga

2024-04-07 Original
Enhancing Customer Experience: Trends, Strategies, and Technologies in Contemporary Business Contexts.

The article provides a comprehensive analysis of emerging trends, strategies, and technologies in customer service within the contemporary business landscape. It is based on a detailed and methodologically sound literature review, encompassing the latest trends in customer service as well as best practices employed by leading organizations. The importance of personalization in customer interactions, omnichannel strategies, and the integration of advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence and automation are highlighted. Employee training and the development of a customer-centric organizational culture are fundamental aspects for delivering exceptional service. Additionally, effective management of conflict situations and problem resolution are addressed, along with the implementation of strategies for continuously measuring and improving customer satisfaction. Key metrics such as Customer Retention Index and Return on Customer Investment are emphasized for evaluating the financial performance of customer service strategies

By Alfredo Perez Cortés

2024-04-07 Original
Principles that guide entry, promotion and permanence in administrative career jobs

The problem in this matter is in progress in determining whether when providing public employment positions in Colombia the applicability of the constitutional principles that guide the administrative career is being given in compliance with the provisions of the Political Charter of 1991, since said The statute contemplates among some of its principles equal opportunities for all citizens who intend to join the public administration and to that extent the State must be an objective guarantor in the selection of personnel who will carry out the functions described for the available positions, so that the constitutional manual contemplates the merit contest as a clear mechanism for selection

By Ernest Palacios Mosquera

2024-04-07 Original
The Organizational Culture as a Driver of Business Growth: A Comprehensive Approach

The research article examines the influence of organizational culture on business growth through three interconnected dimensions: elements of organizational culture, internal culture, and external culture. It highlights that organizational culture, composed of shared values, beliefs, norms, and behaviors, defines a company's identity and affects its ability to innovate, adapt, and compete in the global market. It analyzes how organizational culture influences strategic decision-making, human resource management, and external relations. The conclusion drawn is that a solid and well-managed organizational culture is a key differentiator that drives performance, productivity, and adaptability in a company, significantly contributing to its continued growth and success in a dynamic and competitive business environment

By Madersson Fabian Losada

2024-04-07 Original
The management of human talent in the new business landscape, from the analysis of strategies for recruitment, selection, and development

In the current business environment, comprehensive human talent management has become essential for competitiveness and sustainable success. This article critically reviews key phases: recruitment, selection, and talent development. In recruitment, digital strategies and advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence have transformed talent identification and attraction, albeit posing challenges of competition and personalization. The selection phase has evolved towards innovative methods like gamification and artificial intelligence, requiring adaptability to the changing demands of the job market. Talent development, crucial for retention, has faced the necessity of virtual programs and online learning, emphasizing the importance of continuous adaptation in a dynamic business environment. Additionally, the impact of the pandemic is addressed, highlighting the transformation of remote work, virtual training, and the need for organizational adaptability. In conclusion, talent management must embrace innovation, adaptation, and personalization to overcome current challenges and maintain business competitiveness

By Jarly Vivas Collazos

2024-04-07 Original
State administrative reparation to the victims within the framework of the JEP in the Municipality of Quibdo in the period 2018-2022

In order to establish any approach to reparation for victims, it is necessary to establish the context in which violence has developed in Colombia; Thus, two main moments and a context that precedes them are established. In Colombia during the last 70 years it has been a constant story in the nation, in Colombia historiography a milestone was caused with the death of the leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitán, an event which began the first phase of violence from a bipartisan tone. Subsequently, the second phase arises from an insurgent nature and finally the last phase is related to violence fueled by drug trafficking. In this last stage, which began in the 1980s, there was a growth of insurgent forces on the one hand and, in addition, an emergence of paramilitary forces. These are the armed actors that will seriously affect Colombian society and will have to be called transitional justice in this process.
In the 1980s, the insurgent forces at the height of their growth made the strategic decision to kidnap notable people of high economic value, in addition to other crimes that violated fundamental human rights. So the guerrilla forces were the authors of the consolidation of their alternative or paramilitary forces, which tended to be financed by money from powerful people behind drug trafficking in the context of the 1980s, who constituted the counterproposal to the insurgency that at first it was called “Death to Kidnappers”, meanwhile the paramilitary forces received financing, training, equipment, weapons and political support from various sectors of society. 
So, in principle, it has been the serious effects that many independent actors in the conflict had that we want to repair in the contexts of demobilization processes, whether with paramilitary or guerrilla leaders. In that context of the 80s, several types of crimes were committed that would later be understood as victimizing acts, knowing in detail the scourges of kidnapping, torture, the dispossession of land, the commission of massacres, the forced disappearance of people, terrorism, among others. These are the same aspects that through transitional justice we hope to address, know and understand in order to advance as a Colombian society

By Jaisser Perea Rivas

2024-04-07 Original
Introduction of telemedicine and new technologies in the Colombian health system

The research examined the implementation of telemedicine and new technologies in healthcare in Colombia. A mixed-method approach was employed, combining qualitative and quantitative methods to explore the topic. Relevant documents and studies were analyzed, identifying challenges and opportunities in telemedicine. Findings highlighted the importance of healthcare personnel training, integration of administrative and financial aspects, and ongoing evaluation of outcomes to ensure the success of telemedicine. Barriers such as the digital divide and ethical issues were identified. The research concluded that telemedicine offers an innovative solution to enhance access, efficiency, and quality of healthcare in Colombia but requires addressing significant challenges for equitable and effective implementation

By Derly Viviana Caro Rodríguez

2024-04-07 Original
Impact of Social Media Marketing and Collaboration with Influencers in the Beauty Industry in Colombia

This research article examines the importance of social media marketing strategies and collaboration with influencers in the beauty industry in Colombia. Social media has reached significant penetration in Colombia, with over 32.9 million users in 2021. Platforms such as Instagram, Facebook, and YouTube are especially relevant in the beauty sector, allowing companies to expand their reach, interact directly with customers, and effectively position their brands. Paid advertising options on social media offer beauty companies the ability to increase their visibility and generate significant conversions. Advertising, along with advanced targeting and detailed performance metrics, enables companies to maximize their advertising return on investment, reaching highly specific audiences and increasing the effectiveness of their

By Natalia Alvis Gómez

2024-04-07 Original
Citizen Participation in Development Planning: Exploring its Impact and Challenges in Colombia

The research article addresses the importance of citizen participation in the design, execution, and success of development plans in Colombia. It emphasizes that the voice and action of citizens are fundamental to the legitimacy of public policies and the very essence of democracy. The research focuses on examining how citizen participation influences the effectiveness, legitimacy, and relevance of government policies, with the aim of understanding how this interaction shapes the course of contemporary societies.

A methodology based on literature review and critical analysis of existing literature on citizen participation and development plans is developed. Three crucial aspects are identified: the historical and conceptual evolution of citizen participation, the forms of citizen participation and their impact on decision-making, and emblematic cases of citizen participation in development globally. The conclusions highlight the gradual evolution of citizen participation in Colombia and the need to address persistent challenges such as the digital divide and representativeness. The importance of promoting civic education, improving transparency and accountability, and strengthening communities' capacity to participate effectively in decision-making processes is emphasized

By Eduvier Valderrama Patiño

2024-04-07 Original
Practices to obtain organic eggs

With this practical search, it provides improved organic techniques to produce quality eggs intended to satisfy the needs of families, organic foods are implemented that are part of their diet such as corn, banana, sugar cane, hatchery, among others. They are harvested on the farm for personal and animal use, which helps minimize the purchase of concentrates, which are made from chemical derivatives that do not meet the necessary requirements to obtain quality eggs. This organic food practice contributes to improving both the internal appearance and external characteristics of the eggs, it is important to mention that all the processes from the selection of genetics in hens that adapt to our climatic, economic and productive conditions, the housing of the birds, their vaccines and their well-being are fundamental for the production of eggs. quality. The use of free-range systems ensures that hens do not suffer from physical shock and stress in their sheds, which in turn improves their well-being and increases the frequency and quality of the eggs they lay

By Paula Andrea Álzate Hernandez

2024-04-24 Review
Risk factors for cerebrovascular disease. Bibliographic Review

Introduction: Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is currently one of the most important health problems, not only in Cuba, but also in developed countries. It is the second leading cause of death and permanent disability in adults worldwide.  Objective: to provide updated information on the risk factors of cerebrovascular disease and its prevention from primary health care. Method: a search of the respective bibliography was performed in PubMed, Medline, Scielo and Google Scholar databases published during the period 2018- 2023, using the keywords: cerebrovascular disease, risk factors, diet, habits, mortality. Conclusions: The scientific literature identifies that disability and mortality generated by cerebrovascular disease represent important figures worldwide, it mainly impacts the population of older adults, with their multiple comorbidities and lifestyle habits, which in turn become important risk factors for presenting cerebrovascular disease

By Yoannia Caridad Fernandez Rojas Doraimys Valido Valdes Yanely Sánchez Rodríguez Emma Gallardo Romero Wilman Meylin Vilaú Suárez

2024-05-03 Short communications
Tools for teaching Tourism with a gender perspective

Current university classrooms have prompted teaching teams to consider how to address diversity in teaching and learning processes. In particular, the field of Tourism has emerged as fertile ground for the incorporation of a gender perspective as a means of challenging hegemonic tourism development. Thus, it has become a powerful tool for curriculum transformation.
In this context, a pedagogy incorporating gender as an analytical category was envisaged, aiming to develop a critical perspective among students that highlights the inequalities between women and men in tourism activities. From this approach, in the "Introduction to Tourism" course at the National University of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands, the pedagogical proposal was based on the notion that all education is inherently sexual (Morgade et al, 2011).(1) Therefore, the classroom activities designed within the framework of the course aimed to address different subjectivities and diversities, recognizing that education should ensure that all interests, including pleasures and desires, are addressed in the academic setting.
This communication elaborates on various tools for integrating a gender perspective into the curriculum of this course. These tools include: program as a discourse genre, inclusion of female researchers in the production of academic tourism knowledge, biographical narratives from students, the analysis of audiovisual materials, sharing of regulations and academic practices related to this perspective, and the questioning of the use of inclusive language

By Sergio Chenlo Gisela Vanina Acosta Beiman

2024-05-03 Short communications
The dichotomy between Society and Nature in the Ebro reservoir: Preserving a traditional way of life or prioritising national benefit?

The origins of this problem go back to one of the many conflicts between society and nature that the hydrological policies of the late 19th and early 20th centuries in Spain caused. The construction of the Ebro reservoir, defended as the most economical work of the time in relation to the volume of the reservoir, was presented as a solution to the frequent droughts in the Ebro valley. The construction of irrigation and power plants promised to boost the country's economy and would mean significant demographic, industrial and commercial growth throughout the area.

Upstream, however, a region inhabited by more than 15,000 people would see everything they had worked for and grown up with disappear under the water. These people, who were mainly livestock farmers, had terraced land with fertile soil, crops, fruit trees, mining and some glass and crystal factories, all of which are in danger of disappearing as a result of the construction of the reservoir.

Lorenzo Pardo, the project's architect, wanted the active participation of the people affected. Although the project had its supporters, it was overwhelmingly opposed by those who saw it as a serious threat to their way of life. The proposed compensation was insufficient to make up for the huge losses in livestock, agriculture, mining, glassmaking and infrastructure, especially roads.

The outcome of the conflict, after many twists and turns, ended with the water covering everything in its path after a civil war that left the country in a complicated situation. Many of those neighbours are no longer alive to recount their experiences, but the story lives on in the minds of the few neighbours who still resist in the surrounding area, and in the remnants that appear each time the level of the reservoir drops

By Francisco Conde-Oria

2024-05-03 Short communications
How are we to interpret this then? Social cartography, transdiscipline and epistemological disorder working with three social health organizations to the south of Buenos Aires

The presentation dealt with an experience of a transdisciplinary research project carried out with different spaces of participation and territorial work, close to the National University of Lanús. Methodologically, it put into practice collectively social mapping. The selected spaces - an community orchard, a soup kitchen and a day center for the elderly - were linked in different ways to health care in an integral sense. The objective was to understand the way in which care strategies and practices were deployed in these spaces before, during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Each of the three experiences had its particularities, but as a whole they represented an instance of dislocation of the place of disciplinary knowledge in the production and interpretation of the cartographic object. Cartography is linked to colonial expansion, its maps function as a mode of appropriation of the real; social cartography, on the other hand, proposes a counter-geography, subverting the established order through a reconfiguration of territories.(1) In this sense, knowledge was deployed through novel ways of writing and reading. Likewise, the feedback spaces contributed to the reworking with the organizations, outside the conventional epistemic and analytical parameters. When it came to interpretation, mapping also disarmed and reconfigured the researchers for the analysis, favoring an inter, multi- and transdisciplinary dialogue that operated on images, memories and accounts of experience towards the production of a knowledge in movement

By Francisco Gelman Constantin Anahí Sy Paula Derossi Brenda Moglia Cinthia Sapienza

2024-05-03 Short communications
History as an instrument of empowerment, the case of CORESA

To understand where we are today, it is necessary to review the past" this phrase has been the starting point of the workshops that have been given with the purpose of providing theoretical tools (social exclusion, urban marginality and environmental degradation) to the Informal recyclers comrades who are part of the pre-cooperative CORESA (Community of Recoverers of Santiago del Estero). The main premise to incorporate the workshop called "History of the Carton Movement" in the training cycle has been to discuss and reflect among all members of CORESA the historical events that have delineated the emergence of public policies that favor the movement, such as the one implemented in recent years around the Inclusive Integrated Management of Solid Urban Waste

By Silvia Elizabeth Marelli

2024-05-03 Short communications
Contributions of bibliometrics to the study of interdiscipline. A methodology for the analysis of the intersection between the fields of neurosciences and computational sciences

Despite the growing importance of interdisciplinary studies for the development of science, quantitative works on the subject are not abundant. Bibliometrics offers tools to analyze interdisciplinarity through a complementary approach to qualitative work. While there is a body of precedents in bibliometrics (1,2,3,4,5,6), methodological proposals for the construction of databases of the intersection of two disciplines are scarce.(7) Thus, a proposal is made to identify an interdisciplinary field with a set of scholarly articles.

The objective of this work is to develop a methodology for defining the intersection between the fields of neuroscience and computational science. This area of study is not directly traceable from categorizations in databases. For this reason, three strategies are built to delimit an interdisciplinary corpus and compare the potential and limitations of each of them. The three strategies are focused, on the one hand, on keywords and, on the other hand, on citation and reference patterns using the Web Of Science database. 

It is found that it is possible to operationalize the interdiscipline with two types of approaches: 1. A semantic approach based on the use of keywords. A relational approach focusing on cross-references and citations between articles from the two disciplines. As a result, a basis for the study of the intersection between the fields of neurosciences and computational sciences from a bibliometric perspective is obtained, and a methodological proposal for the quantitative study of interdiscipline in other areas of knowledge is mad

By Malena Méndez Isla Agustin Mauro Diego Kozlowski

2024-05-03 Short communications
Generation of interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary knowledge in foresight through the scenario method

There is an area of multidisciplinary research for which inter- and transdisciplinary production is fundamental. This is foresight or futures studies. This discipline, which deals with inquiring about what may happen in the future to support present decisions, is based on the production of interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary knowledge, to know what the probable, possible and desirable futures of complex and ambiguous problems may be. To this end, a variety of methodologies taken from different scientific disciplines and areas of knowledge are used and adapted, and specific methods have also been designed to work on the future horizon, to denaturalize notions of temporality and to generate multicausal and alternative thinking. One of these is the narrative scenario method. 
This paper seeks to show some of the mechanisms used in the scenarios to generate inter- and transdisciplinary knowledge, the capacity of this method to integrate different methodological approaches and to show examples of the usefulness of this type of exercises to address complex problems, about which there is a wide uncertainty about their future development and different disputed values that are at stake in the issue. Specifically, it focuses on three mechanisms or methodological tools: 1. the special categories (prospective jargon), 2. the prospective funnel and 3. the images of the future and narratives. The main objective is to elucidate the role that inter- and transdisciplinary knowledge play in these elements. The examples given refer to exercises carried out in recent years in the field of agri-food and environmental foresight

By María Mercedes Patrouilleau

2024-05-03 Short communications
Preimplantation Genetic Testing: Between the Private and the Public in the Era of Precision Medicine

Secretariat of Science and Technology of the University of Buenos Aires. The project aimed to produce a technical report addressing the scope and limitations of preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) in Argentina. The experiences, progress and findings of our interdisciplinary team comprising researchers from biological sciences and psychology are discussed here.
Two fundamental aspects of the reproductive medicine field were addressed. Firstly, despite the existence of law 26,862/2013 covering assisted reproductive treatments, preimplantation genetic tests remain excluded from the Mandatory Medical Plan, highlighting access limitations. Moreover, challenges arise from the lack of specific regulations on central issues for the development of reproductive treatments, such as the legal status of non-implanted embryos. This particular situation prompted an analysis of the paradigm shift from collective health to precision medicine.
Within this framework, our work critically examined the implications of PGT on approaches to knowledge and interventions in living organisms. We explored how PGT shapes notions of uncertainty, control, anticipation and the individualization of pathological conditions, shedding light on evolving forms of subjectivity. Additionally, we scrutinized genetic essentialism and determinism as discourses that either flatten differences or advocate for the "optimization" of life itself

By Natacha Salomé Lima Miguel Adrián Romero Ailin Delvitto Ana Tropea María Alejandra Petino Zappala Fernando Pérez Ferretti María Paula Paragis

2024-05-03 Short communications
The impact of frequently used herbicides in Argentina, on cell lines

The use of herbicides worldwide is currently the subject of debate both within the scientific community and among the general public, focusing on their potential adverse effects on
human health. However, there are few studies on the molecular and cellular changes produced by herbicides.(1-5)
In this work, it was proposed to advance in the understanding of the cell signaling pathways affected by exposure to three herbicide formulations: RoundUp (RU, a.i.: glyphosate), Gesaprim (GS, a.i.: atrazine) and Paraquat Insuagro (PI, a.i.: paraquat). In particular, it was studied the effects of exposure to these formulations on the response to misfolded proteins or UPR, and the PI3K/Akt pathway in the HeLa Kyoto cell line. Dysregulation of these pathways has been reported to be associated with various malignancies.
For all in vitro herbicide exposure assays, concentrations below the recommended application limit were chosen to evaluate the effect, on different exposure times on the regulation of both pathways.(6-14) For these purposes, western blot and fluorescence microscopy techniques were used.
Results revealed activation of all three branches of the UPR (ATF6, PERK and IRE1) in those cells exposed to PI. On the other hand, ATF6 was activated as a result of GS exposure. In the case of RU, dysregulation of the PI3K/Akt pathway was observed, without detecting changes in the UPR. In conclusion, exposure of HeLa Kyoto cells to different herbicides leads to dysregulation of both the UPR and the PI3K/Akt pathway

By Calén N. Sansalone Facundo Couto Matías Blaustein Mercedes García Carrillo

2024-05-03 Short communications
Facilitation of learning CSE materials: role of note-taking type, type of note review task, and presentation modality

Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) constitutes a systematic space for teaching and learning about contents from different curricular areas, appropriate to the ages of boys and girls, and addressed in a cross-cutting manner and/or in specific spaces. From an integral conception, sexuality education includes the integration of physical, emotional, intellectual and social aspects related to sexuality. CSE is, at the same time, an opportunity for schools, in coordination with other actors, to offer effective responses to student rights violations -such as violence, abuse or mistreatment against children and adolescents- by undertaking protection and reparation measures. Previous studies recognize the importance of examining the Psychoeducation materials on Health Education topics, so it is necessary to investigate how learning can be facilitated from them. Considering the importance of examining this topic to promote students' health, we will first talk about the importance of CSE, then we will focus on previous literature to expose the main studies on strategies used by comprehenders at the time of learning (note taking - note review) and finally, we will comment on the importance of the modality of presentation of the material

By Juan Soler Gustavo Bujan Micaela Yanet Rios Jazmín Yomha Cevasco

2024-05-03 Short communications
Conflicts over the use of agrochemicals in peri-urban areas: current regulations and perspectives in a district in the southeast of Buenos Aires

The peri-urban areas of Latin American cities register environmental problems linked to expansion processes. In the peri-urban area of Mar del Plata, General Pueyrredon District, the growth of the city translates into land use incompatibilities that have led to conflicts over the application of agrochemicals. This work traces the trajectory of the conflict while proposing to analyze the current regulations referring to the regulation of agrochemicals based on the development of thematic cartography. Based on official data, field surveys and interviews, maps were prepared using a Geographic Information System that allowed analyzing the potential and limitations of the implementation of the regulations. Current regulations show contradictions that limit their application. However, in the territory a paradigm shift in the way of production is gaining increasing strength that seeks to move towards more sustainable alternative models

By Laura Zulaica Gabriela Calderon Celeste Molpeceres Mariana Gonzalez Insua

2024-05-08 Short communications
Approach to leptospirosis and dengue fever from different perspectives: an interdisciplinary study in Alto Verde, a neighborhood in the city of Santa Fe

Leptospirosis and dengue are zoonotic diseases that share some risk factors, necessitating interdisciplinary approaches for a comprehensive understanding. Santa Fe City exhibits environmental and social conditions conducive to the transmission of both diseases. The objective of this study was to characterize the epidemiological, biological, and socio-cultural potential risk factors in Alto Verde. A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) was conducted alongside serological analysis for antibodies, and detection of vectors and reservoirs. Rodent sampling involved the placement of hair traps in four transects in December 2023, followed by live-trapping in February 2024 (totaling 88 trap-nights per sampling). Eight mosquito sampling points were established, each comprising 5 houses. Sampling involved recording the number of potential breeding sites, collecting and quantifying Aedes larvae and utilizing two Prokopack-type vacuums for collecting adults. A total of 126 neighbors responded the questionnaire and 102 serum samples were obtained. Dengue seroprevalence was determined by ELISA IgG test; 10% samples were positive; analysis of Leptospira seroprevalence is ongoing. Positive hair traps accounted for 49% of the tubes used and rodents captured were nine mice and two rats. Mosquito data showed great variation among sampling points in the number of breeding sites recorded (47-248), and in Aedes larvae (23-241) and adults (3-15) collected, indicating the presence of hotspots in the sampling area. High dengue antibody prevalence in the surveyed areas correlated with numerous potential breeding sites. Rodent infestation was substantial, and surveys indicated a lack of leptospirosis awareness among the population, contrasting with their knowledge of dengue

By Ludmila R. Bazán Domínguez Renata Villarreal M. Andrea Previtali Mariana Maglianese Gabriela Mertes Victoria Gomez Sebastián Claussen Romina Chiaraviglio Leda Beltramo Christian A. Avalos Mariano Leiva Diego Mendicino

2024-05-08 Short communications
Discussions and contributions of the multidimensional approach to habitat and social inequality

The objective of the work was to present and discuss the contributions of the transdisciplinary approach to research on the study of habitat and social inequalities from a complex multidimensional perspective, mainly economic, gender, productive and territorial, in relation to the fruit and vegetable production of a productive Consortium. of Gran Resistencia, in the province of Chaco.
To achieve this objective, a strategic analysis tool known by the acronym SWOT was used to identify the strengths, opportunities, weaknesses and threats in relation to a business or organization. The data analyzed for said strategic diagnosis come from two research and extension activities, which took place in previous works of the authors and were analyzed and interpreted from an epistemological perspective of scientific knowledge of multidimensional inequality.
As a result, the results matrix is constructed with the four dimensions and the main factors that appear in each quadrant, systematizing the dimensions considered (economic, gender, productive and territorial

By Mónica Cesana Bernasconi Guiomar Sakamoto

2024-05-03 Editorial
Meeting on Foundations and Applications of Interdisciplinary Research (JFAI-2024)

The V Meeting on Foundations and Applications of Interdisciplinary Research (JFAI-2024) will be held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from April 24th to 28th, 2024, at Centro Municipal de Arte de Avellaneda, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
The event will gather researchers and students from diverse disciplines and aims to discuss the foundations and applications of interdisciplinary research. It is focused on its theoretical aspects, and relevance for social, environmental, and gender issues in our region.
One of the main working hypotheses of the Conference is that these investigations are inevitably crossed by the discussion about the role of researchers, science, and science and technology institutions in society. Issues related to the challenges in multi-, inter- and trans-disciplinary investigations will be also addressed. Moreover, we expect to address the differences between them and the science and technology evaluation processes. 
The Conference will be focused on the core topics listed below. It is important to stress that these axes are meant as a guide for authors when preparing their proposals. But it is also possible to submit proposals about research topics which are not included in the list, provided that thet are related to the Conference's main theme

By Comite Editorial

2024-05-03 Conference Abstract
Role of Gender and Stress in Emotional Autobiographical Memories Retrieval

Emotional autobiographical memory (AM) comprises a set of personal events (episodic) and general information (semantic) highly relevant to the self. This type of memory refers not only to past events, but also influences the meaning of the present and guides future behavior. Even so, there is little literature on positive MA and this is related to an inherent methodological difficulty. In the present study, the evocation of positive and neutral MA was assessed in a sample of 72 participants based on the reported gender identity, the typicality of the gender role (BSRI), the retrieval modality (free recall or recognition) and the basal stress level (EEP-10). The amount of details present, their assessment and the subjective self-report of the emotional AM evoked were evaluated. The results indicated significant differences in subjective self-report according to the typicality of the gender role; differences in the amount of details present depending on the retrieval modality and differences in the value of the thoughts/emotions/actions present depending on the evocation modality and baseline stress. No differences were found based on gender identity. These results present an original contribution to the study of the phenomenological and content characterization of positive emotional MA

By Macarena Alvarez Cortina Eliana Ruetti

2024-05-03 Conference Abstract
Collective Wisdom and the Fermi Method: Improving the Accuracy of Deliberative Groups

Understanding the conditions under which groups of people perform better than independent individuals is a fundamental challenge in the social and psychological sciences.(1,2) A central phenomenon in this field is the "wisdom of crowds" (the aggregate of independent estimates can be more accurate than the best individual judgment),(3,4) used in various areas, including politics(5), health(6), and business(7). While previous research suggests that group deliberation improves the accuracy of crowds, the mechanisms behind this remain unclear.(8) This study addresses this question by analyzing the use of the "Fermi method" in groups (breaking down complex questions into simpler ones and combining their solutions to reach the final answer).(9) A first study with 130 groups of 4 participants interacting in chat rooms (N=520) confirmed that group estimates are more accurate than individual ones, especially in those groups that use the Fermi method. This result was obtained by analyzing written discussions, both with human evaluators and automated methods. A second study (N=240) provided causal evidence of this phenomenon by explicitly requesting that some groups use the Fermi method, while asking others to employ estimation aggregation strategies. A third study (N=160) showed that collectively employing the Fermi method leads to superior improvement compared to using it individually. In summary, these results provide causal evidence that collectively employing the Fermi method improves group estimates, promoting its application in various domains, through either explicit instructions or automated detection methods

By Federico Barrera-Lemarchand Victoria Lescano-Charreau Julieta Ruiz Nuria Cáceres Facundo Carrillo Joaquín Navajas

2024-05-03 Conference Abstract
Cooperation for the approach of popular libraries and Wikimedia in the management of cultural projects

The presentation develops the experience of training popular libraries in Argentina that develop cultural management projects with a territorial and community perspective in cooperation with the National University of Villa María. The novelty of the proposal lies in the use of Wikimedia tools that have, among other aspects, the promotion of free and open culture and the decolonization of Internet content. Argentine popular libraries respond to their environment, providing their communities with cultural and educational assets that they would not otherwise be able to access. In this sense, the use of technological tools and free digital platforms such as Wikimedia can be of great help for the development of cultural projects that preserve and disseminate local heritage, promote cultural education and encourage reading. To achieve these objectives, it is essential to have adequate project management that allows planning, executing and evaluating the different actions developed within the framework of cultural projects. This implies moving from isolated activities to institutional projects that involve the community and the context. This is why the training proposal that we carry out has a strong axis in the recognition of cultural makers of our communities. The presentation will develop the assumptions that support the initiative as well as the educational strategy and finally reflections will be made on the impacts and scope of training. We hope to contribute to collective reflections that have at their center the right to culture and the decolonization of content on the internet

By Mario Villarreal

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Need for Cognitive Closure and Learning: Research Gaps and Future Directions

This review examined the interplay among need for cognitive closure, learning, emotions and prejudice. The need to explore this interplay arises from the lack of comprehensive studies addressing how need for cognitive closure affects information processing in broader contexts, especially in relation to important social issues (such as discrimination and prejudice). We sought to highlight the importance of investigating possible interventions using these materials

By Maximiliano Luis Leiva Jazmin Cevazco

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Bioinformatic analysis of the potential effects on human health of herbicides for alternative use to glyphosate and atrazine

In Argentina, since the mid-90s, an agricultural model based on genetically modified crops and herbicides such as glyphosate and atrazine has been adopted [1]. The resistance of weeds to these herbicides has led to the use of alternatives such as glufosinate ammonium, alachlor and mesotrione, whose effects on human health are poorly studied [2]. This raises concerns, especially for possible carcinogenic effects, which underlines the need for more research on these alternative herbicides [3]. 
The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential toxicological effect of these alternative herbicides, identifying the proteins that can interact with them directly or indirectly using the STITCH and STRING platforms [4, 5]. Then, those biological processes potentially affected as a consequence of the interaction of these herbicides with the identified proteins were identified. An enrichment analysis was performed on those overrepresented proteins/genes associated with the category “Biological Process” and “KEGG PATHWAYS” from the Gene Ontology and SHINYGO databases respectively [6].
It was found that, in general, these herbicides could affect both signaling pathways related to cell proliferation, programmed cell death, stress response, as well as the cellular response to xenobiotics, processing, maturation and biogenesis of ribosomal RNA. In addition, possible associated pathologies were found, such as neuro-degeneration, Lupus and cancer. These findings are consistent with previous reports on the toxic effects of these herbicides on human health, giving an account of their potential to produce diseases such as different types of cancer [7, 8, 9]

 

By Tomas Lorusso Matías Blaustein Mercedes García Carrillo

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
History as an instrument of empowerment, the case of CORESA

“In order to understand where we are today, it is necessary to review the past” was the starting point of the workshops that have been given with the purpose of providing theoretical tools (social exclusion1, urban marginality2 and environmental degradation) to the comrades who are part of the pre-cooperative CORESA (Community of Recoverers of Santiago del Estero). The main premise to incorporate the workshop called “History of the Carton Movement” in the training cycle has been to put in discussion and reflection among all members of CORESA the historical events that have delineated the emergence of public policies that favor the movement, such as the one implemented in recent years around the Inclusive Integrated Management of Urban Solid Waste. 
The work methodology implemented has been the workshop, in which perceptions and interactions among the actors that are part of CORESA have been identified. As a starting point, it was decided to use the interactive tool (Mentimeter3) to find out what each of the participants understood by history. Subsequently, theoretical concepts and key events in the history of Argentina (industrialization in the 1940s, neoliberalism in the 1990s and the crisis of 2001) were discussed. In a third moment, a phrase or word that the participant considered relevant to what was worked on in the workshop was recorded anonymously on a card (paper). 
The following phrases stand out: “The struggle is collective” and “Union”. Recourse to memory, to historical events that have marked the individual, has led to the formation of a collective construction, which has triggered reflection on how and why recycling with social inclusion is sustained today in the city of Santiago del Estero

By Silvia Elizabeth Marelli

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Argentina: a meta-analysis of the research agenda in cancer and socio-environmental health

The economic agenda and corporate interests can influence and/or drive the public biomedical research agenda, establishing priorities in the study topics. In this work, we analyzed the contents of the cancer research agenda in Argentina, including a comprehensive analysis of the different epistemological dimensions associated with the study of this set of pathologies.
Methods:
A bibliometric analysis was conducted based on 7319 scientific articles published between 1980 and 2023, divided into two periods (1980-2000 and 2001-2023), containing one or more authors with Argentina as their affiliation country. The PubMed database and the CorText platform were used to work with the database and to extract the most frequent multi-terms. Through this extraction, the main categories linked to cancer research, their preponderance in the local research agenda, and the place occupied by approaches linked to the molecular, social, and environmental determinants of cancer could be visualized. The content of this cancer research agenda was represented through co-occurrence networks of the predominant multi-terms found in the articles' titles, keywords, and abstracts.
Results:
The results reflected a strong predominance of methodological approaches associated with molecular and cellular biology. In addition, terms associated with breast cancer had a strong predominance in recent years. The analysis also revealed that the study of socio-environmental factors influencing the development and progression of diseases such as occupational, environmental, and exposure to xenobiotics remained marginal in the cancer research agenda of Argentina during the last four decades.
Conclusions:
It is concluded that the orientation of the Argentine cancer research agenda excludes, with few exceptions, the prevention and study of socio-environmental factors associated with the development and progression of cancer, favoring a reductionist methodological approach anchored in Molecular and Cellular Biology and linked to the development of therapeutic and pharmacological interventions

By Emiliano Ariel Martínez Viademonte Mercedes García Carrillo Matías Blaustein

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
CRISPR technologies addressing agribusiness problems

This paper analyzed the approach that new biotechnological strategies offer to agribusiness problems. CRISPR technologies have been testing for more than 10 years the development of different plants with particular characteristics that can offer solutions to different problems and challenges of agribusiness(1, 2). 
Initial problems were considered, which are typical of industry-environment interaction(3, 4); emerging problems arising from agroindustrial activity; legal or regulatory problems(5, 6); and the growing “social rejection” was identified as a problem of agroindustry.
It was observed that the developments aim at solving the initial problems by offering resistance to climatic, biotic and pesticide factors, and that the solutions offered are similar to those of transgenesis but with a wider scope. Numerous studies explicitly state the intention to develop transgen-free plants in order to avoid the time required for commercial approval(7). 
These results enable the identification of two concerns. The first one refers to the further development of herbicide-resistant plants, since their application may lead to an increase in emerging problems. The second refers to the neglect of a whole list of problems and damages that affect the environment and the community, which despite being partially recognized in some research, are not addressed. Pending questions: What is the level of knowledge about these technologies in the communities? What do they think about them?

By Iriel Surai Molina Nahuel Pallitto

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Transfeminist gender perspective in the university training of health sciences professionals in Argentina

Feminist Movements warn that there are inequalities based on socio-cultural structures that assign different roles and opportunities to people based on their gender, perpetuating stereotypes limits the full development of women and gender-diverse individuals.(1) Despite the enactment of “Gender Identity” Law 26,743 in Argentina (2012), gender biases, the cisheteronormative approach, and the binary logic in Biomedical and Health Sciences make non-hegemonic identities invisible and stigmatize them, creating risks for their access to integrated health care.(2, 3) Trans, transvestite, and non-binary (TTNB) people continue to face barriers to access and accessibility within the health system, including the lack of training by health professionals to meet their specific needs.(4) From the Endocrinology course at the Faculty of Chemical Sciences of the National University of Córdoba, we promote the training of future health professionals with a trans-inclusive gender perspective,(5) sharing concrete experiences where recognizing TTNB users as subjects of rights, respecting their pronouns and attending specific training promotes greater adherence to treatments, optimizes the use of resources, increases the accuracy of clinical monitoring and improves the biomedical approach to health. In conclusion, we support the advancement of the mainstreaming of the non-binary gender perspective in the teaching and learning processes in the curricula of future health professionals, promoting comprehensive and equitable biomedical care for the entire population

By Dana María Negretti Borga

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Science and Technology of Liberation in Latin America: conceptual bases and normative principles

In this work the categories and principles of Enrique Dussel's Ethics of Liberation were presented with the objective of outlining the conceptual bases of a Science and Technology of Liberation in Latin America.(1,2,3,4,5) Scientific knowledge and technological tools can serve as an instrument of domination or can, on the contrary, contribute to liberation. To promote the latter, the work offered normative principles that allow us to judge and orient the natural sciences and their technological developments in our region. These principles contain a material aspect linked to the affirmation of the life of communities denied by a dominant world-system, a formal aspect that points to the need for their participation in the establishment of research agendas and technological developments, and a feasibility aspect that recognizes the conditions for the concrete realization of the remaining principles.(6,7,8) To illustrate all this, Agroecology was presented as a possible expression of and opportunity for a Science and Technology of Liberation in favor of the oppressed. The final reflections highlighted the importance of considering the world of the systemic victims as the point of departure and arrival of all scientific-technological research with pretensions of ethical goodness

By Nahuel Pallitto Nazareth Juarez Rusjan Iriel Surai Molina Guillermo Folguera

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Role of the media in the 2023 electoral agenda

Text sentiment analysis is a valuable tool in natural language processing, allowing the inference of emotional valuations in texts. Initially designed for English tweets, we have adapted these algorithms to analyze Spanish news headlines 1. During the 2019 election, major candidates received increased media attention and were the subject of more positive coverage 2. In our current study, we analyzed 12,059 news headlines published by mainstream media during the 2023 election. We observed that 58.35% of the headlines mentioned Milei, followed by 29.54% Massa, and 10.76% Bullrich, while Bregman and Schiaretti had a lower presence. We excluded the latter from the analysis due to their low support. The Kruskal-Wallis analysis showed significant differences in mean positivity among the remaining candidates (H=10.63; p<0.005), especially between Bullrich-Milei (p<0.04) and Massa-Milei (p<0.0001). For the ballotage, the mean positivity of Milei and Massa was almost significant (p<0.057). A time series analysis revealed an increase in positivity towards Massa before the general election, but positivity towards Milei predominated before the ballotage. Although social networks are the main platform to disseminate libertarian ideas associated with Milei, the press media have favored his candidacy (along with Bullrich), establishing a common right-wing political agenda. This is reflected in the mentions and positivity associated with the libertarian candidate, suggesting a significant influence of the media in the public perception of the candidates during the electoral process

By Emilio Recart Danai Broggi Damian Furman Juan Manuel Perez Pablo Nicolás Fernandez Larrosa

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Paid and unpaid work: systematic literature review on time use

This paper represents the progress of a research project entitled "Use of time, care economy and health: paid and unpaid work experiences of professional women from the capital city of Santiago del Estero (2023-2024)", presented in a call for proposals from the Secretariat of Science and Technology (SeCYT) of the Catholic University of Santiago del Estero (UCSE). This project aims to explore the paid and unpaid work activity of professional women in the capital city of Santiago del Estero and the implications of these tasks on their health during the period between 2023 and 2024. In this sense, this study aims to summarize and analyze the scientific literature on the subject, starting with the question of the particularities of time use in male and female workers in Latin America. The results allow us to identify the time dedicated to work for the labor market, domestic and care work; to explore the meanings attributed to work and to analyze the implications that these tasks have for the integral health (physical, psychological, social, cultural) of workers. The relevance of this research lies not only in the deconstruction of androcentric categories to analyze the various forms and dimensions of the concept of time use, but also in the observation of a marked sexual division of labor, since it is women who most frequently assume the responsibility for unpaid domestic and care work

By Dania Gabriela Salvatierra Rojo María Alicia Arias Paz Juan Cruz Trejo Belizán Milen Milagros Capua Hernández Romina Andrea Escobar Loisiau María de los Angeles Paladea

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
What is the ecoepidemiological and sociodemographic status of Chagas disease in an urban area of San Juan, Argentina?

Chagas disease is caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. In Argentina, Triatoma infestans is its main vector. Its occurrence has been documented in rural areas, although currently also in urban areas of the Northwest and Cuyo, including San Juan(1,2,3). With the aim of conducting an ecoepidemiological study in an urban setting, a cross-sectional study was carried out in Villa San Roque, Rivadavia Department, San Juan, during October 2022. Entomological assessments, sociodemographic and social practices surveys were conducted on adult residents of the dwellings that allowed access. High participation was observed (89%, n = 179/201 dwellings assessed), mainly women (57%). 71% of the respondents had an age range between 18-64 years, while the remaining 29% were over 65 years of age. 90% were born in the province of San Juan and 81% were born in urban areas. In the houses infested by T. infestans (n = 20), the most frequent wall materials were ceramic bricks and adobe (40% in both cases); while 65% of the roofs were wood. 55% of the participants had secondary education, the most frequent work activity was self-employment (45%), 50% had applied some insecticide in the last year and 70% had domestic animals. The results show that we are dealing with a complex socio-environmental phenomenon that develops in a densely populated environment. Further studies are essential to better understand the epidemiological status in the urban area and its associated characteristics(4,5)

By Paz Sánchez-Casaccia Julieta Nattero Florencia Cano Leonardo Díaz Nieto Liliana Salvá Sergio Meli Ana Laura Carbajal-de-la-Fuente

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Information quantifiers and wavelet coherence in time-series associated to COVID-19

In the present investigation diverse information quantifiers have been applied to the study of time-series of COVID-19. First, it has been analyzed how the smoothing of the curves affects the informative content of the series, using permutation and wavelet entropies for the series of new daily cases, by means of a sliding-windows’ method. Besides, in order to evaluate the relationship between the curves of new daily cases of infections and deaths, the wavelet coherence has been calculated. The results show the utility of information quantifiers to understand the unpredictable behaviour of the pandemics in the short and mean time

By Victoria Vampa Andres M. Kowalski Federico Holik Marcelo Losada Mariela Portesi

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
Notes for a pluralistic philosophy of research practices in psychology

Defining ways of assessing progress in psychology is a pressing problem, especially considering the multiple nature of the object of psychological study, which spans behavioral, cognitive, and experiential dimensions, as well as the axiological density of a science ultimately directed at human behavior. The scope of some forms of scientific pluralism (Wendt & Slife 2009, Chang 2012, Mitchell 2012, Mattu & Sullivan 2021), a position that favorably values the coexistence of theoretical models and other epistemic resources, was explored here for psychology. Part of the motivation for this consisted in erecting a strategy to dismiss the still commonplace (Goertzen 2008, Zittoun et al. 2009, Uher 2021) alarm calls under the idea of a crisis lurking in the field. The hypothesis that these are largely tied to underlying unificationist standards was articulated and supported. A pluralist position inspired by the pragmatism of Mitchell (2012) and Chang (2012), in particular, his notion of pluriaxial regimes in science, was delineated. Such a pluralist epistemology at the same time supports a particular stance on research practices and the division of labor in psychology, which places description and classification as core activities. In addition to making possible an optimistic view of progress in psychology, it thus offers another way of relaxing the neat and limiting division between descriptive-classificatory and explanatory objectives, which at the same time makes it possible to encompass descriptive practices of disparate scope and oriented towards multiple ends

By A. Nicolás Venturelli

2024-05-08 Conference Abstract
The Charrúa Nation People. Debates in the field of humanities and social sciences in the province of Entre Ríos from the twentieth century to the present. Approach from an intercultural perspective

From an intercultural perspective, this research seeks to contribute to discussions about the continued presence of the Charrúa Nation People in Entre Ríos during the 20th and 21st centuries in the field of humanities and social sciences. An interdisciplinary documentary survey is carried out in universities, from an interdisciplinary perspective, including philosophy, anthropology, sociology, ethics, law, history, semiotics and social work, as well as interviews with researchers on indigenous peoples. The search in library and theses catalogues of UADER has yielded limited results, with little academic production identified. The researchers consulted in Argentina and Uruguay have referred to works on the Charrúa Nation People in Uruguay, but none are aware of research related to Entre Ríos, Argentina.
It is preliminarily concluded that the invisibilization or denial of the existence of the Charrúa people reinforces a colonialist and Eurocentric vision of the province, which has lasted from the colonial era to the present. This hegemonic view denies the existence of Charrúa identities and other indigenous peoples, both in symbolic and material aspects, evidenced in the lack of policies for the restitution of territories, no implementation of Bilingual Intercultural Education and intercultural health and absence of prior consultations on policies with environmental and cultural impact, among others. There is a paucity of historical and archaeological knowledge production on this subject, with only one study identified so far

By Bernardita Zalisñak Rolando F. Maradey

2024-05-15 Conference Abstract
Construction of a bibliometric dataset on gender studies

Feminist discussions are reflected in scientific production.(1) During the 1970s, various lines of research from different disciplines were institutionalized, conforming gender studies.(2,3) While "gender studies" often denotes a field, it can be understood as an umbrella term for a diversity of approaches. From other disciplines, a gender perspective can be adopted, recognizing the constitution of power relations between genders and considering their concrete expressions in different areas.

Given the diffusion of this approach in multiple disciplines, its bibliometric approach presents difficulties. New computational tools can contribute to identifying publications linked to gender studies even when they are indexed as part of other disciplines. In this work, we applied bibliometric techniques and natural language processing to the Dimensions database to build a dataset of scientific publications that allows us to analyze gender studies and their influence on other disciplines.(4–6) This is achieved through a hybrid methodology that combines core journals and keywords in titles.

We obtained a set of more than 1.5 million publications, in English, Spanish, French, and Portuguese, published between 1970 and 2020. It allows characterizing gender studies according to citations and collaborations, the participation of institutions, countries and regions, or the evolution of certain concepts or theories. The methodology used would be suitable for studying other cases that exceed disciplinary limits, such as schools of thought or political movements that have become scientific disciplines

By Natsumi S. Shokida Diego Kozlowski Vincent Larivière

2024-05-22 Conference Abstract
what is freedom? Interdisciplinary perspectives on the ontological foundations of freedom and agency

In this paper, we will try to establish the conditions of possibility of agency. We will present a notion of ‘freedom’, as opposed to the traditional concept of ‘free will’, based on a pluralistic and relational ontology that admits the existence of real possibilities. In contrast to the traditional view, we propose that ‘freedom’ is not a condition necessarily carried by individuals, nor is it limited to human beings, but is a characteristic of complex and organised systems capable of acting as mediating agents of real possibilities. Our conceptualisation takes up the Aristotelian notion of potency and admits different ‘degrees of potency’ inspired by the Deleuzian reading of Spinoza. In this sense, an agentive action admits degrees of ‘freedom’ when its expression incorporates, in a creative act, real possibilities that are not regulated by deterministic laws. In this way, we can account for agentive actions on the part of different types of agents, ranging from complex living organisms to collective actions of subjects and social classes, thus connecting with post-humanist and anti-speciesist perspectives. Our work is not intended to provide an empirically testable notion but is compatible with (and inspired by) the available physical-biological knowledge. We hope that the proposed notions We hope that the proposed notions will have an impact on future research on the emergence of individuation and consciousness, as well as ethical-political consequences. In this sense, our notion contrasts with the one proposed by liberal currents, based on freedom as an intrinsic property of human individuals related to each other by competitive ties, which results in a purely ‘negative’ notion. The enquiry into the general conditions of possibility of freedom naturally leads us to a critique of the form that human freedom acquires in contemporary society and to continue asking ourselves about the development of a historically novel materiality that allows for the empowerment of collective agency

By Matias Blaustein Mariana Cordoba Pablo Nicolas Fernandez Larrosa Maximiliano Ferro Federico Holik

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