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Design of dengue and leptospirosis prevention strategies through participatory interventions in comparison with vertical strategies in riverside areas of Alto Verde (Santa Fe Capital): Preliminary results

By
Christian A. Avalos ,
Christian A. Avalos

Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias, Departamento de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe. Argentina

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Federico Costa ,
Federico Costa

Universidade Federal da Bahia · Instituto de Saúde Coletiva (ISC). Brasil

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Diego Mendicino ,
Diego Mendicino

Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas, Centro de Investigaciones de Endemias Nacionales, Universidad Nacional del litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina

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Mariana Sanmartino ,
Mariana Sanmartino

Instituto de Fisica de líquidos y Sistemas Biológicos. La Plata, Argentina

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Leda Beltramo ,
Leda Beltramo

Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias, Departamento de Sociología, Universidad Nacional del Litoral

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Ludmila Bazan Rodriguez ,
Ludmila Bazan Rodriguez

Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias, Departamento de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe. Argentina

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Mariano Leiva ,
Mariano Leiva

Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias, Departamento de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe. Argentina

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Romina Chiaraviglio ,
Romina Chiaraviglio

Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas, Centro de Investigaciones de Endemias Nacionales, Universidad Nacional del litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina

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Mariana Maglianese ,

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Tamara Ricardo ,
Tamara Ricardo

Instituto Nacional de Epidemiología “dr. Juan Jara”, ANLIS MALBRÁN, Mar del Plata, Argentina

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Andrea Previtali ,
Andrea Previtali

Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias, Departamento de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe. Argentina

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Abstract


This study focuses on the prevention of dengue and leptospirosis in vulnerable populations in the riverside area of the city of Santa Fe, Argentina, comparing the effectiveness of vector and reservoir control strategies through participatory interventions with a community approach, compared to traditional vertical strategies in riverside areas of Santa Fe. 
In the face of the hegemonic sanitary and medical model, it is necessary to provide more knowledge on the effectiveness of other possible forms of prevention, based on critical, socio-ecological, participatory models and approaches, which occur at the local scale, in the territories inhabited by the community. 
The methodology of the study comprised a quali-quantitative, randomized, controlled community trial with local community action. Two representative zones were selected from riverside sectors of Santa Fe, which share similar socioeconomic indices. In one area, participatory interventions were applied based on participatory action research, Citizen Science, and SEPA (Sociabilization of Evidence for Action) approaches. Simultaneously, and as a control, vertical and centralized prevention mechanisms were applied in the other zone.  In order to make comparisons of effectiveness, a characterization of the socio-environmental, sanitary, vector and reservoir conditions, and knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding these diseases was carried out in both zones, at pre- and post-intervention times.
In exploratory analyses of the data collected, significant rates of change were found between both zones post-intervention, and a significant effect of the participatory interventions for response variables of health importance in dengue. Sampling for leptospirosis remains to be done

How to Cite

1.
Avalos CA, Costa F, Mendicino D, Sanmartino M, Beltramo L, Bazan Rodriguez L, et al. Design of dengue and leptospirosis prevention strategies through participatory interventions in comparison with vertical strategies in riverside areas of Alto Verde (Santa Fe Capital): Preliminary results. SCT Proceedings in Interdisciplinary Insights and Innovations [Internet]. 2024 May 8 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];2:286. Available from: https://proceedings.saludcyt.ar/index.php/piii/article/view/286

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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