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Vaginal candidiasis, predisposing factors, symptoms and treatment

By
Radesca Moncayo Yurimare ,
Radesca Moncayo Yurimare

Facultad de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud Universidad Abierta Interamericana

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Abstract

Introduction: Vulvovaginal candidiasis is a disease caused by Candida species, mainly Candida albicans species, which can be colonizing the vaginal microbiota of healthy women, without causing disease. Due to its high prevalence, it is one of the most frequent causes of gynecological consultation. It occurs mainly in women after puberty, worldwide it is estimated that at least 75% of women have had candidiasis at least once in their lives. Its clinical signs are itching, vaginal inflammation and white discharge. It is diagnosed by laboratory tests or culture. A higher frequency of candidiasis occurs in women with high estrogen load or some degree of immunodeficiency. Treatment consists of azole antifungals, particularly fluconazole. The present study consists of a systematic review of the existing literature related to vulvovaginal candidiasis, focusing on epidemiology, clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment. Material and methods: The study design is a literature review for which a search and evaluation of the existing literature and previous research on vaginal candidiasis will be carried out through the databases PubMed, Google Academic, Scielo, Sciendirect, among others. For this purpose, inclusion criteria will be used through searches related to "Candida", "vaginal candidiasis", "recurrent vaginal candidiasis", "vaginal candidiasis predisposing factors" and "candidiasis literature review". Results: Vaginal candidiasis is an infection caused by the overgrowth of Candida albicans, a type of yeast-like fungus that normally lives in the vagina. Predisposing factors include antibiotic use, increased estrogen levels, uncontrolled diabetes, overweight, pregnancy, premenstrual period, taking corticosteroids, and high doses of estrogen. Treatment of vaginal candidiasis includes antifungal medications, such as single-dose oral fluconazole, and avoidance of excess moisture. In uncomplicated vulvovaginal candidiasis, all available forms of antifungals are highly effective, both oral and topical, whereas in complicated vulvovaginal candidiasis, a longer course of 5-7 to 10-14 days of conventional therapy should be performed. Patients who have frequent recurrences require their long-term pressure with oral medications. Conclusion: It is important for health care professionals and patients to be aware of the risks of recurrence so that timely treatment can be provided to patients

How to Cite

1.
Radesca Moncayo Y. Vaginal candidiasis, predisposing factors, symptoms and treatment. SCT Proceedings in Interdisciplinary Insights and Innovations [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 12 [cited 2024 Jul. 18];2:347. Available from: https://proceedings.saludcyt.ar/index.php/piii/article/view/347

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